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This paper presents an organized system for element-specific sample collection and handling of human blood (whole blood, serum or plasma, packed cells or erythrocytes) and urine also indicating a proper definition of the subject and sample. Harmonized procedures for collection, preparation, analysis and quality control are suggested. The aim is to assist(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and fatal degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The cause of this degeneration is unknown, and different causal hypotheses include genetic, viral, traumatic and environmental mechanisms. In this study, we have analyzed metal concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood plasma in a well-defined(More)
Cadmium induced renal effects were examined in 60 workers (58 men, 2 women) previously exposed to cadmium. Tubular damage in the form of beta 2-microglobulinuria was found in 40%, and urinary albumin and orosomucoid increased significantly with increasing urinary cadmium and increasing relative clearance of beta 2-microglobulin. It is suggested that(More)
Occupational exposure to lead may cause kidney damage. This study was carried out on a cohort of 70 active and 30 retired long term exposed lead smelter workers. Their kidney function was compared with 31 active and 10 retired truck assembly workers who had no occupational exposure to lead. The lead workers had been regularly followed up with measurements(More)
The concentration of lead in the vastus lateralis muscle was determined in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and control subjects by flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometry. No statistically significant differences were found between these groups, and in both the figures were of the same magnitude as those earlier reported for normal(More)
Reference values for blood-cadmium levels (B-Cd) are available for only a limited number of geographical areas and for particular population strata (sex, age, smoking habits). This paper, in agreement with the TRACY guidelines, describes and discusses the criteria used to rank published papers on reference values for cadmium retrieved by Medline and Toxline(More)
  • O Vesterberg
  • 1980
Quantitative determination of proteins has been made by electrophoresis thereof in tubular canals filled with agarose gel containing antibodies. The procedure is simple and practicable. Sample volumes of a few microliter up to some hundred microliter may be added for each test. The amount of protein in a sample was found to be linearly related to the(More)
Rabbits were given repeated injections of cadmium chloride. Cadmium- and zinc-containing protein fractions were obtained from the livers of these animals by precipitation procedures and Sephadex G-75 chromatography. The protein thus obtained showed several characteristics similar to those of the earlier described protein metallothionein. Further separation(More)