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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and fatal degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The cause of this degeneration is unknown, and different causal hypotheses include genetic, viral, traumatic and environmental mechanisms. In this study, we have analyzed metal concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood plasma in a well-defined(More)
This paper presents an organized system for element-specific sample collection and handling of human blood (whole blood, serum or plasma, packed cells or erythrocytes) and urine also indicating a proper definition of the subject and sample. Harmonized procedures for collection, preparation, analysis and quality control are suggested. The aim is to assist(More)
Cadmium induced renal effects were examined in 60 workers (58 men, 2 women) previously exposed to cadmium. Tubular damage in the form of beta 2-microglobulinuria was found in 40%, and urinary albumin and orosomucoid increased significantly with increasing urinary cadmium and increasing relative clearance of beta 2-microglobulin. It is suggested that(More)
Occupational exposure to lead may cause kidney damage. This study was carried out on a cohort of 70 active and 30 retired long term exposed lead smelter workers. Their kidney function was compared with 31 active and 10 retired truck assembly workers who had no occupational exposure to lead. The lead workers had been regularly followed up with measurements(More)
The concentration of lead in the vastus lateralis muscle was determined in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and control subjects by flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometry. No statistically significant differences were found between these groups, and in both the figures were of the same magnitude as those earlier reported for normal(More)
Reference values for blood-cadmium levels (B-Cd) are available for only a limited number of geographical areas and for particular population strata (sex, age, smoking habits). This paper, in agreement with the TRACY guidelines, describes and discusses the criteria used to rank published papers on reference values for cadmium retrieved by Medline and Toxline(More)
In cooperation with the ICOH Scientific Committee on the Toxicology of metals and IUPAC Commission on Toxicology, we have developed evaluation criteria for derivation of reference values for metal concentrations in human tissues and fluids. In a first attempt to illustrate how these criteria may be used, tentative reference values for mercury in human blood(More)
A method to study the protein binding patterns of trace elements in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is described. Proteins in CSF samples were separated by size exclusion chromatography combined with high performance liquid chromatography (SEC-HPLC). The column was calibrated to separate proteins in the molecular weight range 6-70 kDa. Fractions were then(More)
Degenerative processes within the nervous system are common features in disease entities such as dementia of Alzheimer type (DAT), Parkinson disease (PD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). ALS is a neurodegenerative disease with unknown etiology; widespread muscle wasting and respiratory failure lead to death within a few years. Denervation can be(More)