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The effects of pre-treatment with mannitol and the iron chelator desferrioxamine on oxygen radical formation and glomerular and tubular function after ischaemia in the rabbit kidney were studied. Radicals were measured with ESR and spin trapping. At reperfusion after 60 min of renal ischaemia there was a significant increase in the production of free(More)
This study compares the safety and effectiveness of two methods for the prophylaxis of post-operative thromboembolism in neurosurgical patients: A: low-dose heparin (5,000 IU X 2 s.c.) started preoperatively and continued daily for one week post-operatively, and B: per-operative electrical calf muscle stimulation with groups of impulses plus post-operative(More)
PURPOSE Bone material content was studied with single photon absorptiometry and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry , and the various biochemical parameters related to bone metabolism in patients with Kock reservoirs or Bricker conduits for urinary diversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined 34 patients with Kock ileal reservoirs to the skin (29) or urethra(More)
A perifusion technique for microscopy with computerized detection of early changes in cell morphology during continuous perifusion was used to show that the geometry of cultured glioma cells (MG-251) changes rapidly when they are exposed to estramustine phosphate (EMP). When the cells were exposed to 20 or 40 mg l(-1) EMP, cell volume projected cell area(More)
The social and psychologic sequelae after external urinary diversion are known to be fewer in patients with urinary diversion through the continent ileal reservoir (Kock pouch) compared with those with diversion through the incontinent ileal conduit. Therefore, in young female patients treated surgically with urinary diversion through the continent ileal(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the long-term outcome after reconstructive surgery in patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis subdivided into subtypes. METHODS A total of 47 patients, fulfilling the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases criteria, were evaluated retrospectively. They(More)
The effects of peroperative electrical calf muscle stimulation with groups of impulses giving a short lasting tetanus of the calf muscles on postoperative deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) were compared with that of dextran 40 given per and postoperatively. The incidence of DVT and PE during the first 4-6 postoperative days was(More)