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Nodal proteins have crucial roles in mesendoderm formation and left-right patterning during vertebrate development. The molecular mechanisms of signal transduction by Nodal and related ligands, however, are not fully understood. In this paper, we present biochemical and functional evidence that the orphan type I serine/threonine kinase receptor ALK7 acts as(More)
Cultured macrophages and endothelial cells have been reported to secrete 27-oxygenated metabolites of cholesterol. This mechanism was compared with the classical high density lipoprotein (HDL)-dependent reverse cholesterol transport. Under standard conditions, macrophage preparations had considerably higher capacity to secrete 27-hydroxycholesterol and(More)
By providing some examples of variations in the levels of von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF:Ag), ristocetin cofactor, and Factor VIII during one month, the authors wish to emphasize the difficulty of diagnosing mild forms of von Willebrand's disease (vWD), especially type I. In three of 15 normal female volunteers the vWF:Ag levels, on some sampling(More)
A human lung polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-binding protein was purified by sequential chromatography of lavage fluid incubated with the tritium-labeled, high-affinity ligand, 4,4'-bis(methylsulfonyl)-2,2',5,5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl. From sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis gradient gels, it was evident that a single band with an(More)
We have recently demonstrated that cultured human alveolar macrophages efficiently convert cholesterol into excretable 27-oxygenated products. We show here that increasing the intracellular concentration of cholesterol by a factor of 10 leads to about a twofold increase in the excretion of 27-oxygenated products from cultured macrophages. Inhibition of the(More)
27-Hydroxycholesterol was found in surprisingly high amounts in atherosclerotic human femoral arteries. When human macrophages were cultured in a medium containing serum, there was a significant transfer of 27-hydroxy-cholesterol and 3 beta-hydroxy-5-cholestenoic acid from the cells into the medium. Sterol 27-hydroxylase (EC is likely to be(More)
The value of menorrhagia as a predictor for mild bleeding disorders has been very little studied and the results are divergent. In the present study on 30 women with objectively verified menorrhagia, we found a significantly increased prevalence of von Willebrand's disease (20%). By keeping a strict sampling and laboratory routine, and by restricting(More)
The purpose of the study was to find a model to study the effect of endogenous oestradiol on haemostasis. Hormones and haemostatic variables were therefore measured before and after in vitro fertilization and egg replacement therapy in 14 women with tubal infertility. The differences between the levels of the haemostatic variables at minimum and maximum(More)
High level expression of a human polychlorinated biphenyl-binding protein (hPCB-BP; also termed uteroglobin or CC10) was achieved in Escherichia coli. The recombinant protein (rhPCB-BP) constituted approximately 1% of total bacterial lysate proteins as judged from in vitro ligand binding assays using(More)
BACKGROUND Microvascular-epithelial exudation of bulk plasma may characterize inflammatory airway diseases. This study compares the acute allergen challenge-induced mast cell and exudative responses in nasal and bronchial airways. The focus is on alpha 2-macroglobulin as an index of luminal entry of plasma exudates. METHODS Separate nasal and bronchial(More)