Olli V. Lounasmaa

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The cerebral representation of language, deduced from observing patients with brain lesions and from stimulations and recordings performed during brain surgery, has been further clarified by recent positron emission tomography and functional magnetic resonance imaging measurements. We now expand this static view into the dynamics of cortical activation(More)
Neuromagnetic responses were recorded over the left hemisphere to find out in which cortical area the heard and seen speech are integrated. Auditory stimuli were Finnish/pa/syllables presented together with a videotaped face articulating either the concordant syllable/pa/(84% of stimuli, V = A) or the discordant syllable/ka/(16%, V not equal to A). In some(More)
Cortical sources of neuromagnetic responses to noise bursts were compared in 7 healthy humans. The earliest response, P40m, peaking about 40 ms after the stimulus onset, was followed by a prominent deflection in the opposite direction at about 100 ms (N100m) and by another peak at 200 ms (P200m). A sustained field, seen near the end of the 400- to 550-ms(More)
Whole-head neuromagnetic responses were recorded from seven subjects to pictures of faces and to various control stimuli. Four subjects displayed signals specific to faces. The combination of functional information from magnetoencephalography and anatomical data from magnetic resonance images suggests that the face-specific activity was generated in the(More)
Rapid progress in effective methods to image brain functions has revolutionized neuroscience. It is now possible to study noninvasively in humans neural processes that were previously only accessible in experimental animals and in brain-injured patients. In this endeavor, positron emission tomography has been the leader, but the superconducting quantum(More)
Neuromagnetic responses to different auditory stimuli (noise bursts and short speech stimuli) were mapped over both hemispheres of seven healthy subjects. The results indicate that a particular acoustic feature of speech, vowel onset after voice-less fricative consonants, evokes a prominent response in the human supratemporal auditory cortex. Although the(More)
We compared magnetoencephalographic responses for natural vowels and for sounds consisting of two pure tones that represent the two lowest formant frequencies of these vowels. Our aim was to determine whether spectral changes in successive stimuli are detected differently for speech and nonspeech sounds. The stimuli were presented in four blocks applying an(More)
We have examined magnetic cortical responses of 15 healthy humans to 46 different pictures of faces. At least three areas outside the occipital visual cortex appeared to be involved in processing this input, 105-560 ms after the stimulus onset. The first active area was near the occipitotemporal junction, the second in the inferior parietal lobe, and the(More)
Neuromagnetic signals evoked by synthesized syllables (/bae/ and /gae/) were recorded over the left auditory cortex of healthy humans. The fundamental frequencies of the syllables varied as if the same speaker had pronounced them at 16 different pitches. Specific mismatch responses to infrequent syllables among frequent syllables of the other type indicated(More)