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AIMS To clarify whether patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) have executive dysfunction, to identify the domains of executive function affected and to establish the severity of any dysfunction. METHODS A full-night polysomnography and a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment focusing on executive functions were conducted on 40 newly(More)
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder with an age-dependent prevalence of up to 10% in the general population above 65 years of age. Affected individuals suffer from uncomfortable sensations and an urge to move in the lower limbs that occurs mainly in resting situations during the evening or at night. Moving the legs or walking leads to an(More)
In a significant proportion of individuals, the physiologic decrease of muscle tone during sleep results in increased collapsibility of the upper respiratory airway. At peak inspiratory flow, the pharyngeal soft tissues may collapse and cause airflow limitation or even complete occlusion of the upper airway (sleep apnea). While there are plenty of methods(More)
The aims of this study are to clarify whether patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) have a decline in verbally or visually-based cognitive abilities and whether the possible decline is related to particular sleep depth changes. In addition, the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the possible changes is investigated.(More)
AIMS To assess the impact of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on executive dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS At baseline, 20 OSAS patients and 17 healthy controls underwent polysomnography and neuropsychological assessment focusing on executive functions. After at least 6 months of CPAP(More)
In a case-control study with prevalence sampling, the authors explored the correlates for nocturia and their population-level impact. In 2003-2004, questionnaires were mailed to 6,000 subjects (aged 18-79 years) randomly identified from the Finnish Population Register (62.4% participated; 53.7% were female). Questionnaires contained items on medical(More)
Five loci for restless legs syndrome (RLS) on chromosomes 12q, 14q, 9p, 2q, and 20p (RLS1-RLS5) have been mapped in RLS families, with a recessive in the first and autosomal-dominant mode of inheritance in the latter cases. Investigations of further RLS families showed evidence for genetic locus heterogeneity. We have conducted a genome-wide linkage(More)
Conventional polysomnographic (PSG) sleep staging to sleep staging based on a static-charge-sensitive bed (SCSB) recording in infants and young children was compared. The study consisted of whole-night clinical sleep studies in 22 children at 24 weeks (SD 24, range 1-79 weeks) of age. Most of the children presented with respiratory disturbances during(More)
OBJECTIVES Levodopa is effective in the treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS). However, due to the short duration of action of conventional levodopa/decarboxylase inhibitor formulations, multiple dosing may be required in individual patients with persisting symptoms. We assessed whether a new levodopa formulation containing levodopa, carbidopa, and(More)