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Infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (INCL) is a severe neurodegenerative disorder in childhood that is caused by mutations in the gene encoding lysosomal palmitoyl protein thioesterase (PPT). INCL is characterized by massive and selective loss of cortical neurons. Here we have analyzed the intracellular processing and localization of(More)
Mutations in the CLN-1 and CLN-5 genes underlie the infantile, and Finnish variant of the late-infantile, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses, respectively. These disorders are characterized by a massive neuronal death early in childhood. We have studied mRNA and protein expression of CLN-1 and CLN-5 in embryonic human brains. The spatial and temporal(More)
Of the 373 stroke patients 95 were admitted to the feasibility study of stroke rehabilitation. The patients were divided into two groups, an intensive and a normal treatment group. In this study, the functional recovery of stroke, measured by ADL and motor function was significantly better in the intensive treatment group. There was no difference in(More)
A deficiency of palmitoyl protein thioesterase (PPT) leads to the neurodegenerative disease infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (INCL), which is characterized by an almost complete loss of cortical neurons. PPT expressed in COS-1 cells is recognized by the mannose-6-phosphate receptor (M6PR) and is routed to lysosome, but a substantial fraction of PPT(More)
This prospective study focused on the accuracy of diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We recruited 100 dementia patients and 20 controls who underwent a systematic evaluation. The clinical diagnosis of probable AD or possible AD according to the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria was assigned in 69% of the patients, 21% had vascular dementia (VaD) (DSM-III-R) and 8%(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological data suggest that the intake of antioxidants such as alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) and beta-carotene has an inverse correlation with the incidence of coronary heart disease. The results from clinical trials of antioxidant supplementation in people with known coronary heart disease are inconclusive. METHODS We studied the(More)
Deficiency in palmitoyl protein thioesterase (PPT) results in the rapid death of neocortical neurons in human. Very little is known about the developmental and cell-specific expression of this lysosomal enzyme. Here we show that PPT is expressed as a major 2.65 kb and a minor 1.85 kb transcript in the mouse brain. Transcript levels gradually increase(More)
We investigated the effect of apolipoprotein E (apoE) genotype on amyloid load in the frontal and cerebellar cortices of 24 patients with definite Alzheimer disease (AD) and 19 controls. Amyloid load was examined by using two methods: 1) acid-extractable amyloid beta-protein (A beta) and insoluble A beta levels of frontal and cerebellar cortices were(More)
During a 19-month period, 95% of all pregnant women in the greater Helsinki area, Finland, entered a study to compare one-stage ultrasonography screening with selective screening according to antenatal hospital use, obstetric procedures, and fetal outcomes. Of 9310 women who entered the trial, 4691 were randomly allocated to ultrasound screening between the(More)
We studied a synatophysin-like immunoreactivity in the hippocampal formation of patients with definite Alzheimer's disease, multi-infarct dementia, patients with no evidence of clinical dementia with neuropathological findings fulfilling the criteria of possible Alzheimer's disease, and age-matched nondemented controls. Possible Alzheimer's disease cases(More)