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CD28 costimulatory signals are required for T-cell proliferation and lymphokine production. In this work, the functional conservation of CD28 was studied in avian gammadelta T cells. The avian CD28 molecule is expressed on all alphabeta T cells and is capable of giving a costimulatory signal. Most peripheral gammadelta T cells are CD28 negative; however, we(More)
In this study we show the inheritance of a CD4+ CD8+ peripheral Tcell population in the H.B15 chicken strain. A large proportion of alphabeta T cells in peripheral blood (20-40%), spleen (10-20%) and intestinal epithelium (5-10%) coexpress CD4 and CD8alpha, but not CD8beta. CD4+ CD8alpha alpha cells are functionally normal T cells, since they proliferate in(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) to the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Bacteroides fragilis were produced by immunizing mice before hybridization with bacterial outer membranes solubilized with Triton X-100. Nineteen stabile clones were established. They all produced antibodies that reacted more strongly with purified B. fragilis LPS than with crude sonicated(More)
Pregnancy is a challenge to the immune system, which not only has to protect the mother and the fetus from invading pathogens but to also maintain immunological tolerance against the fetus. However, the mechanisms inhibiting local immune responses in the maternal decidual tissue are poorly understood. We have studied decidual CD14+ macrophages, which may be(More)
Pregnancy is a unique situation for the maternal immune system. We have studied and identified a CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cell population isolated from the human decidua. This mucosal surface in the uterus is in direct contact with semiallogenic fetal cells. We observed that about 14% of the decidual CD4+ T cells have the CD4+CD25+ phenotype. The(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are professional antigen-presenting cells with a unique capacity to initiate and regulate immune responses. Immature CD1a(+) DC can be cultured from CD14(+) monocytes in the presence of interleukin (IL)-4 and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor in vitro. Results of this study show that the nonsteroidal anti-estrogens(More)
The committed B-cell precursors developing from hemopoietic stem cells have been considered to differentiate through a common lymphoid progenitor stage in the mouse. In the chicken B-cell system, however, the committed B-cell progenitors burst as a single wave prior to the bursal colonization and most likely as direct descendants of hemopoietic stem cells.(More)
Previous studies have shown that the same immunoglobulin (Ig) V lambda gene (V lambda 1) is rearranged in all chicken B cells, and that extensive sequence diversification of this gene occurs during B cell development in the bursa of Fabricius. We used two-dimensional gel electrophoresis to compare the heterogeneity of Ig lambda light chains produced by B(More)
Pax5 is indispensable for the commitment of early lymphoid progenitors to the B cell lineage as well as for the development of B cells. To better understand the functional importance of Pax5 at the later stages of B cell differentiation, we established a Pax5-deficient DT40 B cell line. The Pax5(-/-) cells exhibited slower growth, decreased surface IgM(More)
Previous studies on mammals have demonstrated that a tumour necrosis factor family member, B-cell-activating factor (BAFF) (BlyS, TALL-1), is mainly produced by myeloid and dendritic cells and that BAFF promotes B-cell differentiation and survival in a paracrine fashion. We have recently shown that BAFF is upregulated at the bursal stage of the avian B-cell(More)