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Toward exploiting the attractive mechanical properties of cellulose I nanoelements, a novel route is demonstrated, which combines enzymatic hydrolysis and mechanical shearing. Previously, an aggressive acid hydrolysis and sonication of cellulose I containing fibers was shown to lead to a network of weakly hydrogen-bonded rodlike cellulose elements typically(More)
Nanostructured biological materials inspire the creation of materials with tunable mechanical properties. Strong cellulose nanofibrils derived from bacteria or wood can form ductile or tough networks that are suitable as functional materials. Here, we show that freeze-dried bacterial cellulose nanofibril aerogels can be used as templates for making(More)
Hydrophobins are secreted fungal proteins, which have diverse roles in fungal growth and development. They lower the surface tension of water, work as adhesive agents and coatings, and function through self-assembly. One of the characteristic properties of hydrophobins is their tendency to form fibrillar or rod-like aggregates at interfaces. Their structure(More)
Protein functionalization constitutes a particularly interesting target for biopharmaceutical applications, which increasingly relies on monodisperse proteinpolymer conjugates having controllable therapeutic properties.[1,2] Proteins modified with precisely controlled polymeric materials have the potential to exhibit a wide range of improved biological(More)
In order to better understand nanostructured fiber networks, effects from high specific surface area of nanofibers are important to explore. For cellulose networks, this has so far only been achieved in nonfibrous regenerated cellulose aerogels. Here, nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) is used to prepare high surface area nanopaper structures, and the(More)
Self-assembly is a process in which interacting bodies are autonomously driven into ordered structures. Static structures such as crystals often form through simple energy minimization, whereas dynamic ones require continuous energy input to grow and sustain. Dynamic systems are ubiquitous in nature and biology but have proven challenging to understand and(More)
Development of durable non-wetting surfaces is hindered by the fragility of the microscopic roughness features that are necessary for superhydrophobicity. Mechanical wear on superhydrophobic surfaces usually shows as increased sticking of water, leading to loss of non-wettability. Increased wear resistance has been demonstrated by exploiting hierarchical(More)
A series of novel, partially labeled amphiphilic triblock copolypeptides, PLL-b-PBLG-d7-b-PLL, has been synthesized, where PLL and PBLG-d7 are poly(L-lysine hydrochloride) and poly(gamma-benzyl-d7-L-glutamate), respectively. The synthetic approach involved the sequential ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of gamma-benzyl-L-glutamate and epsilon-Boc-L-lysine(More)
Fibrous architectures are among the most abundant loadcarrying materials in nature, encompassing molecular level peptide assemblies (e.g., amyloids), supramolecular protein materials (e.g., collagen), colloidal level native cellulose nanofi brils (nanofi brillated cellulose, NFC), through to macroscale spider silk. [ 1 , 2 ] NFC, also denoted as microfi(More)
Upon surgery, local inflammatory reactions and postoperative infections cause complications, morbidity, and mortality. Delivery of human adipose mesenchymal stem cells (hASC) into the wounds is an efficient and safe means to reduce inflammation and promote wound healing. However, administration of stem cells by injection often results in low cell retention,(More)