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In a randomized, double-blind five-year trial, we tested the efficacy of simultaneously elevating serum levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and lowering levels of non-HDL cholesterol with gemfibrozil in reducing the risk of coronary heart disease in 4081 asymptomatic middle-aged men (40 to 55 years of age) with primary dyslipidemia (non-HDL(More)
BACKGROUND In the 1970s measles, mumps, and rubella were rampant in Finland, and rates of immunization were inadequate. In 1982 a comprehensive national vaccination program began in which two doses of a combined live-virus vaccine were used. METHODS Public health nurses at 1036 child health centers administered the vaccine to children at 14 to 18 months(More)
Infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (INCL) is a severe neurodegenerative disorder in childhood that is caused by mutations in the gene encoding lysosomal palmitoyl protein thioesterase (PPT). INCL is characterized by massive and selective loss of cortical neurons. Here we have analyzed the intracellular processing and localization of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Blood pressure is an important risk factor for stroke, but the roles of serum total and HDL cholesterol, alpha-tocopherol, and beta-carotene are poorly established. We studied these factors in relation to stroke subtypes. METHODS Male smokers (n=28 519) aged 50 to 69 years without a history of stroke participated in the(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on alcohol consumption and incidences of stroke subtypes have suggested distinct dose-response relationships. Blood pressure and HDL cholesterol mediate the effect of alcohol on coronary heart disease, but similar evidence on cerebrovascular diseases is not available. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the risk of stroke in 26 556 male(More)
Mutations in the CLN-1 and CLN-5 genes underlie the infantile, and Finnish variant of the late-infantile, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses, respectively. These disorders are characterized by a massive neuronal death early in childhood. We have studied mRNA and protein expression of CLN-1 and CLN-5 in embryonic human brains. The spatial and temporal(More)
BACKGROUND We studied the joint effect of baseline triglyceride and lipoprotein cholesterol levels on the incidence of cardiac end points in the trial group (n = 4,081) of the Helsinki Heart Study, a 5-year randomized coronary primary prevention trial among dyslipidemic middle-aged men. The relative risks (RR) were calculated using Cox proportional hazards(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence among dyslipidemic subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and to assess the effect of lipid-modifying treatment on serum and lipoprotein lipids and the CHD incidence in these patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Of the 4081 men participating in the Helsinki Heart Study,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Apolipoprotein E (apoE) epsilon 4 allele has been associated with a high risk for coronary heart disease. Increased frequency of the epsilon 4 allele has also been reported in patients with late-onset familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of coronary and cerebral(More)