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The development of a new vowel category was studied by measuring both automatic mismatch negativity and conscious behavioural target discrimination. Three groups, nai;ve Finns, advanced Finnish students of English, and native speakers of English, were presented with one pair of Finnish and three pairs of English synthetic vowels. The aim was to determine(More)
This article describes an arrangement for simultaneous recording of speech and the geometry of vocal tract. Experimental design is considered from the phonetics point of view. The speech signal is recorded with an acoustic-electrical arrangement and the vocal tract with MRI. Finally, data from pilot measurements on vowels is presented, and its quality is(More)
Two experiments were conducted to determine whether vowel familiarity affects automatic and conscious vowel discrimination. Familiar (Finnish) and unfamiliar (Komi) vowels were presented to Finnish subjects. The good representatives of Finnish and Komi mid vowels were grouped into three pairs: front /e- epsilon /, central /ø-oe/, and back /o-o/. The(More)
PURPOSE The effects of orthognathic surgery on the phonetic quality of speech were studied by analyzing the main acoustic features of vowel sounds. PATIENTS AND METHODS Five men with dentofacial deformities undergoing surgical operation for correction of malocclusion were enrolled in the study. The speech material consisted of 8 vowels in sentence(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of the genioglossal muscle advancement on phonetic quality of speech were studied analyzing the acoustic features of vowel sounds. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING The study group consisted of 5 men suffering from partial upper airway obstruction during sleep. To prevent tongue base collapse, genioglossal muscle advancement was made with(More)
PURPOSE The effects of lingual nerve impairment on the phonetic quality of diphthongs were studied by analyzing changes in their main acoustic features when anesthetic was injected into the lingual nerve to partly block the normal neural feedback mechanisms in speech. PATIENTS AND METHODS The speech material consisted of 8 diphthongs in word context(More)
We present anatomic and acoustic data from a pilot study on the Finnish vowels [A, e, i, o, u, y, ae, ø]. The data were acquired simultaneously with 3D magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a custom built sound recording system. The data consist of a single static repetition of each vowel with constant f 0. The imaging sequence was 7.6 s long and had an(More)
The present study examined whether early exposure in language immersion would result in better pre-attentive discrimination of non-native speech sound contrasts. Mismatch negativity (MMN) responses were measured from two groups of Finnish children. The Monolingual group had no prior exposure to other languages than the native one, while the Immersion group(More)
Learning to pronounce new speech sounds is difficult. Visual feedback helps in identifying the errors and indicating the achieved progress. The Vowel Game uses a visualization method that symbolizes the vocal tract. This instructs the user on how to adjust e.g. the tongue position during pronunciation. It gives information about the correctness and goodness(More)
The effects of formant movements related to the number of distinctive features on vowel discrimination of Finnish and Spanish-speaking subjects were studied by measuring response speed and accuracy. Two Finnish vowel continua, which had different formant pattern changes, were compared; the /ae – ø/ continuum had parallel formant frequency movements (F1 and(More)