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BACKGROUND Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignant disease, but preoperative diagnosis remains a challenge. Fine-needle aspiration cytology has greatly improved the clinical management of thyroid nodules, but the preoperative characterisation of follicular lesions is very difficult. Many patients are thus referred to surgery more for diagnosis(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate the genetic differences between metastasizing and nonmetastasizing primary tumors, uveal melanoma samples were screened for DNA copy number alterations by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). METHODS DNA copy number changes were studied on 14 primary uveal melanomas that had not metastasized, 15 primary uveal melanomas that had(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the expression of the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) with special focus on its role in cell growth in uveal melanoma. METHODS Paraffin material from 36 clinicopathologically well characterized cases of primary uveal melanomas (18 of which had metastasized to the liver) with more than 15 years' follow-up was used for(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) signalling is highly implicated in cancer. In this signalling the IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) is unquestionable, the predominating single factor. IGF-1R is crucial for tumour transformation and survival of malignant cell, but is only partially involved in normal cell growth. This is in part due to the interactions with(More)
It is well known that insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) plays a crucial role in proliferation and survival of transformed cells. Overexpression of IGF-1R in certain tumors has been reported, but there is still little known about its importance in vivo. Here, we evaluated the IGF-1R levels in 35 human synovial sarcoma tumors by Western blot and(More)
PURPOSE Malignant transformation of cells is frequently associated with abnormalities in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) expression. These abnormalities may play a role in the clinical course of the disease, because HLA antigens mediate interactions of tumor cells with T cells and NK cells. Uveal melanoma is a highly malignant tumor of the eye and is(More)
PURPOSE This study was conducted to investigate the expression and functional impact of the proto-oncogene c-kit in uveal melanoma. METHODS Based on immunohistochemical (IHC) study of paraffin-embedded specimens from 134 uveal melanomas and Western blot analysis on eight fresh-frozen samples the expression of c-kit in uveal melanoma was studied.(More)
PURPOSE Uveal melanoma disseminates preferentially to the liver. The mechanism for this homing is largely unknown, but growth factors synthesized in the liver may be involved. The present study was undertaken to investigate the possible relationship between cell surface receptors for two such growth factors: the c-Met proto-oncogene, which constitutes the(More)
In this study we provide evidence that the low expression of IGF-1R at the cell surface of estrogen-independent breast cancer cells is due to a low rate of de novo synthesis of dolichyl phosphate. The analyses were performed on the estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer cell line MDA231 and, in comparison, the melanoma cell line SK-MEL-2, which expresses(More)
In order to explore new treatment modalities for cancer, it is important to identify qualitative or quantitative differences in metabolic processes between normal and malignant cells. Previous in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that acute myelogenous leukemia cells have elevated receptor-mediated uptake of low density lipoproteins (LDL), compared to(More)