Gravitational lensing of the cosmic microwave background generates a curl pattern in the observed polarization. This "B-mode" signal provides a measure of the projected mass distribution over the entire observable Universe and also acts as a contaminant for the measurement of primordial gravity-wave signals. In this Letter we present the first detection of… (More)
We present a measurement of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) gravitational lensing potential using data from the first two seasons of observations with SPTpol, the polarization-sensitive receiver currently installed on the South Pole Telescope (SPT). The observations used in this work cover 100 deg 2 of sky with arcminute resolution at 150 GHz. Using a… (More)
We present measurements of the angular power spectrum of millimeter wave anisotropies with the APEX-SZ instrument. APEX-SZ has mapped 0.8 square degrees of sky at a frequency of 150 GHz with an angular resolution of 1. These new measurements significantly improve the constraints on anisotropy power at 150 GHz over the range of angular multipoles 3000 < <… (More)
This white paper was assembled by Scott Dodelson with input from many of the cosigners. It is part of the efforts of NASA'a Primordial Polarization Program Definition Team (PPPDT), Shaul Hanany chair, and of a NASA award to Steve Meyer and colleagues entitled " A study for a CMB Probe of Inflation " (07-ASMCS07-0012).
In the cores of some clusters of galaxies the hot intracluster plasma is dense enough that it should cool radiatively in the cluster's lifetime, leading to continuous 'cooling flows' of gas sinking towards the cluster centre, yet no such cooling flow has been observed. The low observed star-formation rates and cool gas masses for these 'cool-core' clusters… (More)
We present observations of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) in the Bullet cluster (1E 0657–56) using the APEX-SZ instrument at 150 GHz with a resolution of 1. The main results are maps of the SZE in this massive, merging galaxy cluster. The cluster is detected with 23 σ significance within the central 1 radius of the source position. The SZE map has a… (More)