Olivier Trédan

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Resistance of human tumors to anticancer drugs is most often ascribed to gene mutations, gene amplification, or epigenetic changes that influence the uptake, metabolism, or export of drugs from single cells. Another important yet little-appreciated cause of anticancer drug resistance is the limited ability of drugs to penetrate tumor tissue and to reach all(More)
Lymphopenia is frequent in advanced cancers and predicts the toxicity of chemotherapy. Its effect on relapse and survival is uncertain. Its prognostic value for survival was analyzed in three databases of previously reported prospective multicenter studies: (a) FEC chemotherapy in metastatic breast carcinoma; (b) CYVADIC in advanced soft tissue sarcoma(More)
Both fundamental and clinical studies suggest that class III beta-tubulin expression is associated with resistance to taxanes and constitutes a prognostic factor in several solid tumors. In this study, we assessed the prognostic and predictive value of class III beta-tubulin in tumors of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence and the prognostic value of microtubule component expression in tumors of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Expression of microtubular components was immunohistochemically examined in 93 tumor samples from untreated patients with stage III and IV NSCLC.(More)
The large subunit of human ribonucleotide reductase, RRM1, is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, cell migration, tumour and metastasis development, and the synthesis of deoxyribonucleotides for DNA synthesis. It is also a cellular target for the chemotherapeutic agent, gemcitabine. RRM1 has been studied in a large number of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Adjuvant chemotherapy has frequently been associated with weight gain after breast cancer diagnosis. We aimed to prospectively evaluate body weight variations in French patients with early breast cancer. METHODS This prospective observational study included 272 breast cancer patients who were candidates for adjuvant chemotherapy. Weight(More)
In ovarian cancer, the immune system fails to eradicate established tumors partly due to the induction of immune tolerance within tumor microenvironment. In this study, we investigated the contribution of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) in the establishment of immune tolerance in a cohort of 44 ovarian cancer patients. In the tumor and malignant ascites,(More)
Depression occurs among an estimated 15% of cancer patients (range, 1–77.5%). Our main objective was to identify the frequency of reported depression by using the Brief Edinburgh Depression Scale (BEDS) among cancer outpatients. Our secondary objective was to identify associated symptoms of cancer using the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) and to(More)
BACKGROUND Molecularly targeted agents have been reported to have anti-tumour activity for patients whose tumours harbour the matching molecular alteration. These results have led to increased off-label use of molecularly targeted agents on the basis of identified molecular alterations. We assessed the efficacy of several molecularly targeted agents(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the feasibility of two chemotherapy regimens in elderly patients with advanced ovarian carcinoma (AOC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Eighty-three patients >or=70 years were previously enrolled in a trial evaluating carboplatin and cyclophosphamide (CC). On the basis of identical eligibility criteria, 75 further patients were enrolled in a(More)