Olivier Thaunat

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During the activation of humoral immune responses, B cells acquire antigen for subsequent presentation to cognate T cells. Here we show that after mouse B cells accumulate antigen, it is maintained in a polarized distribution for extended periods in vivo. Using high-throughput imaging flow cytometry, we observed that this polarization is preserved during B(More)
Arteries are composed of 3 concentric tissue layers which exhibit different structures and properties. Because arterial injury is generally initiated at the interface with circulating blood, most studies performed to unravel the mechanisms involved in injury-induced arterial responses have focused on the innermost layer (intima) rather than on the outermost(More)
Recent advances indicate that, in various chronic inflammatory disorders, the activation of the immune system is triggered locally rather than in lymphoid organs. In this study, we have evaluated whether the humoral alloimmune response involved in chronic rejection is elicited within the graft. We used the rat aortic interposition model and microdissected(More)
Modern immunosuppressive armamentarium inadequately controls the humoral arm of recipient immune response, which in turn plays a central role in the pathogenesis of chronic rejection, a major cause of late allograft failure. A consensus sequence has progressively emerged from the integration of both experimental and clinical data, in which the binding of(More)
Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is defined by bone marrow and organ infiltration by activated, nonmalignant macrophages, which phagocytose blood cells. The clinical spectrum of HPS is broad, but renal involvement has rarely been investigated. We report a previously unknown renal manifestation of HPS: nephrotic syndrome. This multicentric retrospective study(More)
BACKGROUND Rituximab is emerging as a potent therapeutic option in chronic inflammatory diseases associated with a prominent humoral component. Recent studies have demonstrated that chronic inflammatory infiltrate organize progressively themselves into ectopic lymphoid tissues (tertiary lymphoid organs; TLOs) supporting a local humoral immune response. In(More)
Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is a major cause of kidney graft loss, yet assessment of individual risk at diagnosis is impeded by the lack of a reliable prognosis assay. Here, we tested whether the capacity of anti-HLA antibodies to bind complement components allows accurate risk stratification at the time of AMR diagnosis. Among 938 kidney transplant(More)
Chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN), a major cause of late allograft failure, is characterized by a progressive decline in graft function correlated with tissue destruction. Uncontrolled activation of the coagulation cascade by the stressed endothelium of the graft is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of CAN. In this study, we(More)
Accumulating evidence has designated B cells as central players in the pathogenesis of immune diseases. In the late 1990s, anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies were developed for the treatment of B-cell nonHodgkin lymphomas, offering the opportunity to efficiently deplete the B-cell compartment for therapeutic immunointerventions. Several studies have since(More)