Olivier Saurel

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Diesters of phthiocerol and phenolphthiocerol are important virulence factors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae, the two main mycobacterial pathogens in humans. They are both long-chain beta-diols, and their biosynthetic pathway is beginning to be elucidated. Although the two classes of molecules share a common lipid core, phthiocerol(More)
Acyl-homoserine lactones (acyl-HSLs) have emerged as important regulatory molecules for many gram-negative bacteria. We have found that Methylobacterium extorquens AM1, a member of the pink-pigmented facultative methylotrophs commonly present on plant surfaces, produces several acyl-HSLs depending upon the carbon source. A novel HSL was discovered with a(More)
Methylobacterium extorquens AM1 possesses a formyltransferase (Ftr) complex that is essential for growth in the presence of methanol and involved in formaldehyde oxidation to CO(2). One of the subunits of the complex carries the catalytic site for transfer of the formyl group from tetrahydromethanopterin to methanofuran (MFR). We now found via nuclear(More)
A new solid-state NMR-based strategy is established for the precise and efficient analysis of orientation and dynamics of transmembrane peptides in fluid bilayers. For this purpose, several dynamically averaged anisotropic constraints, including (13)C and (15)N chemical shift anisotropies and (13)C-(15)N dipolar couplings, were determined from two different(More)
Human THAP1 is the prototype of a large family of cellular factors sharing an original THAP zinc-finger motif responsible for DNA binding. Human THAP1 regulates endothelial cell proliferation and G1/S cell-cycle progression, through modulation of pRb/E2F cell-cycle target genes including rrm1. Recently, mutations in THAP1 have been found to cause DYT6(More)
The quality and signal to noise ratio of a J-based HETCOR performed on a standard MAS probe have been compared with a gradient enhanced HSQC performed on a HR-MAS probe at 500 MHz. The sample selected was cholesterol, inserted at 30 mol% in acyl chain deuterated phospholipids (DMPC-d54), at a temperature where the bilayer is in a liquid crystalline phase(More)
The transcriptional activator HrpB of the bacterial wilt causing betaproteobacterium Ralstonia solanacearum represents a key regulator for pathogenicity. In particular, it drives expression of hrp genes encoding a type III secretion system (T3SS) as well as effector molecules for delivery into the host cytosol to promote disease. However, the HrpB regulon(More)
The three-dimensional structure of the outer membrane protein A from Klebsiella pneumoniae transmembrane domain was determined by NMR.This protein induces specific humoral and cytotoxic responses, and is a potent carrier protein. This is one of the largest integral membrane proteins(210 residues) for which nearly complete resonance assignment, including(More)
We report here the development of a straightforward, sensitive, and quantitative NMR-based method for high-throughput characterization of carbohydrate structure and screening of carbohydrate active enzyme (CAZyme) specificity. Automated assays starting from gene library expression to carbohydrate structure determination directly from crude reaction media(More)
The consequences of the binding of annexin V on the structure and dynamics of PC/PS bilayers were studied by means of fluorescence polarization, 31P NMR, 2H NMR, and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP). Even at complete coverage of the lipid bilayers by the protein, annexin V showed no influence on the lipid molecular packing and the acyl(More)