Olivier Roitel

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BACKGROUND Current diagnosis of peanut allergy relies on natural extracts that lack standardization. Recombinant DNA technology allows production of pure biochemically characterized proteins. Their usefulness for peanut allergy diagnosis is not established. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of the 3 major recombinant peanut(More)
The lipolysis-stimulated lipoprotein receptor, LSR, is a multimeric protein complex in the liver that undergoes conformational changes upon binding of free fatty acids, thereby revealing a binding site (s) that recognizes both apoB and apoE. Complete inactivation of the LSR gene is embryonic lethal in mice. Here we show that removal of a single LSR allele(More)
BACKGROUND A model of peanut food allergy has been developed in mice using a simple sensitization protocol leading to a quantitatively measurable allergic response. METHODS C3H/HeJ mice received a single intragastric administration of whole peanut (80 mg) without adjuvant. Two weeks later, intraperitoneal challenge with peanut extract led to a severe(More)
BACKGROUND Double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) is currently considered the gold standard for peanut allergy diagnosis. However, this procedure that requires the hospitalization of patients, mostly children, in specialized centers for oral exposure to allergens may cause severe reactions requiring emergency measures. Thus, a simpler and(More)
The control of glycosylation to satisfy regulatory requirements and quality consistency of recombinant proteins produced by different processes has become an important issue. With two N-glycosylation sites, γ-interferon (IFN-γ) can be seen as a prototype of a recombinant therapeutic glycoprotein for this purpose. The effect of the nonionic surfactant(More)
Tetrameric phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from Bacillus stearothermophilus has been described as a "dimer of dimers" with three nonequivalent interfaces, P-axis (between subunits O and P and between subunits Q and R), Q-axis (between subunits O and Q and between subunits P and R), and R-axis interface (between subunits O(More)
Investigating cooperativity in multimeric enzymes is of utmost interest to improve our understanding of the mechanism of enzymatic regulation. In the present article, we propose a novel approach based on mass spectrometry to probe cooperativity in the binding of a ligand to a multisubunit enzyme. This approach presents the selective advantage of giving a(More)
Virtually all cancer biological attributes are heterogeneous. Because of this, it is currently difficult to reconcile results of cancer transcriptome and proteome experiments. It is also established that cancer somatic mutations arise at rates higher than suspected, but yet are insufficient to explain all cancer cell heterogeneity. We have analyzed sequence(More)
Homotetrameric phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from Bacillus stearothermophilus can be described as a dimer of dimers with three non-equivalent P, R, and Q interfaces. In our previous study, negative cooperativity in NAD binding to wild-type GAPDH was interpreted according to the induced-fit model in terms of two independent(More)
We studied the interaction of chaperonin GroEL with different misfolded forms of tetrameric phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH): (1) GAPDH from rabbit muscles with all SH-groups modified by 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoate); (2) O-R-type dimers of mutant GAPDH from Bacillus stearothermophilus with amino acid substitutions Y283V,(More)