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Ticks are obligate haematophagous acarines that parasitise every class of vertebrate (including man) and have a worldwide distribution. An increasing awareness of tick-borne diseases among clinicians and scientific researchers has led to the recent description of a number of emerging tick-borne bacterial diseases. Since the identification of Borrelia(More)
An immunoglobulin G immunoblot was developed with antigenic extracts of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. garinii, B. afzelii, and B. valaisiana genospecies and was reacted with sera from patients with neuroborreliosis, acrodermatitis, and Lyme arthritis. A detailed analysis of the reactivities of the protein bands was performed, and a two-step scoring(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish a one-tube fluorogenic real-time PCR assay for routine detection of Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato) DNA in various clinical specimens. METHODS A fragment of the flagellin gene sequence was amplified with the TaqMan chemistry using primers and a probe common to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia afzelii, Borrelia garinii(More)
We determined the complete sequence of the rrs gene from five strains of genomic species PotiB2. Both distance and parsimony methods were used to infer the evolutionary relationships of the rrs gene sequence of this genomic species in comparison with the rrs gene sequence of Borrelia valaisiana and the rrs gene sequences of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato(More)
A tick/rickettsial survey in various parts of Switzerland revealed the presence of a new, hitherto undescribed spotted fever group rickettsia ("Swiss agent") in up to 11.7% of I. ricinus collected off vegetation. Infection in ticks was found to be generalized with rickettsiae developing intracellularly and occasionally also intranuclearly. As a result of(More)
From 1982 through 1987 we diagnosed 13 chronic Q fever cases. Clinically these patients presented a culture-negative endocarditis, and all but two had high complement-fixing antibody titers to Coxiella burnetii phase I (reciprocal titer above 200). With the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), titers of immunoglobulin G (IgG) to phases I and II of C.(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to detect immunoglobulin G to Coxiella burnetii phase II. Serum samples from 213 patients who had had Q fever 1 year previously and from 301 blood donors from six localities in Switzerland were tested by ELISA and by indirect fluorescent-antibody (IFA) and complement fixation (CF) tests. The ELISA(More)
The Chlamydiales order includes the Chlamydiaceae, Parachlamydiaceae, Waddliaceae, Simkaniaceae, Criblamydiaceae, Rhabdochlamydiaceae, Clavichlamydiaceae, and Piscichlamydiaceae families. Members of the Chlamydiales order are obligate intracellular bacteria that replicate within eukaryotic cells of different origins including humans, animals, and amoebae.(More)
The aim of this study was to define the risk of developing Lyme borreliosis after a tick bite. A survey was conducted from 1993 to 1995 in the western part of Switzerland in a group of patients who presented for treatment of a recent tick bite. Only patients with negative serological tests (enzyme-linked fluorescent assay screening test, and IgG and IgM(More)
Ticks of the Rhipicephalus sanguineus species complex may be vector of various pathogens including Rickettsia conorii (the etiological agent of the Mediterranean spotted fever) and Coxiella burnetii (cause of the Query (Q) fever). R. sanguineus ticks have been imported in several parts of central and northern Europe, especially in environments such as(More)