Olivier Marin

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Chandra and Toueg introduced the concept of unreliable failure detectors. They showed how, by adding these detectors to an asynchronous system, it is possible to solve the Consensus problem. In this paper, we propose a new implementation of an Eventually Perfect failure detector (}P ). This implementation is a variant of heartbeat failure detector which is(More)
This paper presents DARX, our framework for building applications that provide adaptive fault tolerance. It relies on the fact that multi-agent platforms constitute a very strong basis for decentralized software that is both flexible and scalable, and makes the assumption that the relative importance of each agent varies during the course of the(More)
Because our knowledge of cholinergic systems in the brains of amphibians is limited, the present study aimed to provide detailed information on the distribution of cholinergic cell bodies and fibers as revealed by immunohistochemistry with antibodies directed against the enzyme choline acetyltransferase (ChAT). To determine general and derived features of(More)
It has been postulated frequently that the fundamental organization of the basal ganglia (BG) in vertebrates arose with the appearance of amniotes during evolution. An alternative hypothesis, however, is that such a condition was already present in early anamniotic tetrapods and, therefore, characterizes the acquisition of the tetrapod phenotype rather than(More)
The distribution of NADPH-diaphorase (ND) activity was histochemically investigated in the brain of the frog Rana perezi. This technique provides a highly selective labeling of neurons and tracts. In the telencephalon, labeled cells are present in the olfactory bulb, pallial regions, septal area, nucleus of the diagonal band, striatum, and amygdala.(More)
The distribution of cholinergic neurons and fibers was studied in the brain and rostral spinal cord of the brown trout and rainbow trout by using an antiserum against the enzyme choline acetyltransferase (ChAT). Cholinergic neurons were observed in the ventral telencephalon, preoptic region, habenula, thalamus, hypothalamus, magnocellular superficial(More)
Recent studies dealing with the investigation of the afferent and efferent connections of the basal ganglia of amphibians have revealed many similarities with basal ganglia structures of amniotes. In a further step, the chemoarchitecture of basal ganglia of the frog Rana perezi has been investigated. For use as main markers of amphibian basal ganglia(More)
Age- and pathology-related changes in the relative contributions of visual and somatosensory inputs to dynamic balance control were evaluated. Young adults (mean age = 25, SD = 4) were compared to older adults (mean age = 68, SD = 5). Electromyographic responses were collected when subjects' balance was perturbed on a movable platform. The amounts of visual(More)
As a further step in unraveling the organization of the basal ganglia of amphibians, the efferent connections of the striatum and the nucleus accumbens have been studied in the brains of the anurans, Rana perezi and Xenopus laevis, and the urodele, Pleurodeles waltl, by using biotinylated or fluorescent dextran amines as anterograde tracers. A common(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the origin of the catecholaminergic inputs to the telencephalic basal ganglia of amphibians. For that purpose, retrograde tracing techniques were combined with tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry in the anurans Xenopus laevis and Rana perezi and the urodele Pleurodeles waltl. In all three species studied,(More)