Olivier Loréal

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Considering that the development of hepatic lesions related to iron overload diseases might be a result of abnormally expressed hepatic genes, we searched for new genes up-regulated under the condition of iron excess. By suppressive subtractive hybridization performed between livers from carbonyl iron-overloaded and control mice, we isolated a 225-base pair(More)
BACKGROUND Besides transferrin iron, which represents the normal form of circulating iron, non-transferrin bound iron (NTBI) has been identified in the plasma of patients with various pathological conditions in which transferrin saturation is significantly elevated. SCOPE OF THE REVIEW To show that: i) NTBI is present not only during chronic iron overload(More)
We investigated the possibility of infecting normal adult human hepatocytes maintained in pure cultures or in cocultures with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Several assays with different infectious sera and hepatocyte populations from various donors identified only limited HBV replication, with significant variations from one cell preparation to another. The(More)
Liver pathology was assessed in 135 patients with well-defined genetic hemochromatosis ranging from mild disease to severe overload. Three lesions were clearly linked to iron-overload intensity--scarce sidero-necrosis, mild inflammation, and progressive fibrosis. Iron-free foci made of typical or dysplastic hepatocytes were found in 7.4% of the cases. An(More)
Originally identified as a gene up-regulated by iron overload in mouse liver, the HEPC gene encodes hepcidin, the first mammalian liver-specific antimicrobial peptide and potential key regulator of iron metabolism. Here we demonstrate that during rat liver development, amounts of HEPC transcripts were very low in fetal liver, strongly and transiently(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated patients who had unexplained hepatic iron overload and normal transferrin saturation. METHODS 65 patients with a median liver iron concentration of 65 mumol/g dry weight of liver (normal < 36 mumol/g), hyperferritinaemia (566 micrograms/L; normal < 400 micrograms/L), and normal transferrin saturations (32%) were compared with(More)
Non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI) has been reported to be associated with several clinical states such as thalassemia, hemochromatosis, and in patients receiving chemotherapy. We have investigated a number of ligands as potential alternatives to nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) to capture NTBI without chelating transferrin- or ferritin-bound iron in plasma. We(More)
Hepcidin, a key regulator of iron metabolism, is synthesized by the liver. Hepcidin binds to the iron exporter ferroportin to regulate the release of iron into plasma from macrophages, hepatocytes, and enterocytes. We analyzed liver samples from patients undergoing hepatic surgery for cancer or receiving liver transplants and analyzed correlations between(More)
Low levels of hepcidin are responsible for the development of iron overload in p.Cys282Tyr HFE related hemochromatosis. Every genetic factor lowering the hepcidin gene expression could contribute to a more severe phenotype in HFE hemochromatosis. Based on this hypothesis, we identified a heterozygous nc.-153 C>T mutation in the hepcidin gene promoter(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hfe knockout mice, like patients with hereditary hemochromatosis, have augmented duodenal iron absorption and increased iron deposition in hepatic parenchymal cells. The goals of the present study were to gain further insight into the control of iron absorption by comparing the transcript levels of iron-related genes in the duodenum of(More)