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As in human disease, macrophages (MØ) are central players in the development and progression of experimental atherosclerosis. In this study we have evaluated the phenotype of MØ associated with progression of atherosclerosis in the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) knockout (KO) mouse model.We found that bone marrow-derived MØ submitted to M1 and M2 polarization(More)
Arginine production was measured in isolated rat nephron segments. Segments were incubated with 0.3 mM aspartate and 0.1 mM L-[ureido-14C]-citrulline in a sealed chamber. Arginase and urease were added to the medium to hydrolyze arginine and to release 14CO2, which was trapped in KOH and counted. Arginine synthesis was found only in the proximal tubule,(More)
Urea production from arginine was studied in vitro in the kidney of normal rats in tubule suspensions of the four different renal zones (cortex, outer and inner stripe of outer medulla, and inner medulla), and in individual microdissected nephron segments. Tissue was incubated with L-[guanido-14C]-arginine to measure cellular arginase activity. Addition of(More)
Renal arginase activity is a potent source of ornithine (Orn) for polyamine synthesis. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) was localized along the mouse and rat nephron by incubating viable nephron segments isolated by microdissection from collagenase-treated kidneys with or without D,L-2-(difluoromethyl)ornithine (DFMO), a selective inactivator of ODC. Tubules(More)
Hydrolysis of arginine into urea and ornithine (Orn) was observed to take place in several segments of the rat nephron including cortical and medullary pars recta of the proximal tubule (PST) and collecting duct (CD). This work was now extended to the adult mouse and rabbit. Representative nephron segments, obtained by microdissection of collagenase-treated(More)
In mammalian kidney, the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) is the main site of arginine (Arg) production. Arginine can be used in the biosynthesis of guanidino compounds (GC). Since uremic rats have a lower functional mass of PCT, GC synthesis might be modified, especially that of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) which occurs in PCT. In order to study GC(More)
Over the years, SSL/TLS has become an essential part of internet security. As such, it should offer robust and state-of-the-art security, in particular for HTTPS, its first application. Theoretically, the protocol allows for a trade-off between secure algorithms and decent performance. Yet in practice, servers do not always support the latest version of the(More)
The kidney is involved in amino acid reabsorption and metabolism; consequently, in renal insufficiency, these important functions are disturbed, as has been reported in animals and patients. In a first experimental series, rats were subjected to degrees of nephrectomy (NX) varying between 10% and 90%. Three weeks later, amino acid levels were measured in(More)
Renal failure is characterized by the retention of nitrogenous metabolites such as urea, creatinine (CTN) and other guanidino compounds (GCs), uric acid, and hippuric acid, which could be related to the clinical syndrome associated with renal insufficiency. A model of renal failure has been developed in male C57BL x Swiss-Webster mice using nephrectomy (NX)(More)
1. Arginine is essential for growth in the kitten and, because of the resulting hyperammonaemia, in the adult cat an arginine-free diet is life threatening. 2. The kidney is the main site of arginine synthesis. 3. This study was performed to determine whether the cat kidney synthesizes arginine and to establish which factors, such as low citrullinaemia,(More)