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Over the years, SSL/TLS has become an essential part of internet security. As such, it should offer robust and state-of-the-art security, in particular for HTTPS, its first application. Theoretically, the protocol allows for a trade-off between secure algorithms and decent performance. Yet in practice, servers do not always support the latest version of the(More)
Trusted computing has been explored through several international initiatives. Trust in a platform generally requires a subset of its components to be trusted (typically, the CPU, the chipset and a virtual machine hypervisor). These components are granted maximal privileges and constitute the so called Trusted Computing Base (TCB), the size of which should(More)
The kidney plays a key role in arginine metabolism. Arginine production is controlled by argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS) and argininosuccinate lyase (ASL) which metabolize citrulline and aspartate to arginine and fumarate whereas arginine consumption is dependent on arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (GAT), which mediates creatine and ornithine(More)
As in human disease, macrophages (MØ) are central players in the development and progression of experimental atherosclerosis. In this study we have evaluated the phenotype of MØ associated with progression of atherosclerosis in the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) knockout (KO) mouse model.We found that bone marrow-derived MØ submitted to M1 and M2 polarization(More)
Ornithine aminotransferase (OAT) is a reversible enzyme expressed mainly in the liver, kidney and intestine. OAT controls the interconversion of ornithine into glutamate semi-aldehyde, and is therefore involved in the metabolism of arginine and glutamine which play a major role in N homeostasis. We hypothesised that OAT could be a limiting step in(More)
Microdissected rat proximal straight tubules (PST) and inner medullary collecting ducts (IMCD) highly produce urea from l-arginine, supporting the expression of the mitochondrial arginase II. However, IMCD contain a very low density of mitochondria compared with PST. Recently, arginase II has been localized by immunohistochemistry in rat PST but not IMCD.(More)
The mouse kidney expresses the gene of ornithine aminotransferase (Oat). Previous works suggest that Oat is differentially expressed in female and male mouse kidney (Alonso E, Rubio V. Biochem J 259: 131-138, 1989; Levillain O, Diaz JJ, Blanchard O, Dechaud H. Endocrinology 146: 950-959, 2005; Manteuffel-Cymborowska M, Chmurzynska W, Peska M,(More)
Polyamines are involved in the control of the cell cycle and cell growth. In murine kidney, testosterone enhances gene expression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the first enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis. In this study, we document the time course effect of testosterone on 1) gene expression of ODC, antizyme 1 (AZ1), and(More)
The renal basic amino acid metabolism often differs in rodents, strict carnivores, and omnivore species. Given the pivotal role of L-arginine and L-ornithine in several metabolic pathways and the fact that the dog is closely related to humans, being also an omnivore, we tested whether L-arginine metabolism and L-ornithine catabolism take place in the dog(More)