Olivier Leclerc

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The aim of the present study was to characterise a mouse model of airways inflammation induced by cigarette smoke and to compare it with a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) model with regards to the efficacy of a PDE4 inhibitor (cilomilast), a corticosteroid (dexamethasone) and macrophage metalloelastase (MMP)-12 gene deletion. Cigarette smoke exposure for 3 days(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species and tissue remodeling regulators, such as metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs), are thought to be involved in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. We investigated these factors in the fibrotic response to bleomycin of p47phox -/- (KO) mice, deficient for ROS production through the NADPH-oxidase pathway.(More)
1. It was proposed previously that oxidative stress is a main component of the inflammatory process in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thus, in the present study, we investigated the inflammatory response in mice deficient for the p47(phox) subunit of NADPH oxidase (p47 KO) exposed to cigarette smoke (CS). 2. Exposure of mice to CS elicited an(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Flow-diverting stents can be used to treat intracranial aneurysms that are not amenable to treatment with coils. We analyzed ophthalmic consequences due to coverage of the origin of the ophthalmic artery by flow-diverting stents for the treatment of internal carotid artery aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS From April 2009 to April(More)
Traditional measures of respiratory function in children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are based on maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax) and vital capacity (VC). Sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP) measurements are easily performed by young children with neuromuscular disorders. The clinical value of SNIP in the longitudinal assessment of(More)
The CARRIOCAS project studies and implements a high-bit-rate optical network (up to 40Gb/s per wavelength) to enable high-performance applications in numerical design, virtual prototyping and scientific research to access to shared high capacity computing and storage resource. The project researches cover optical components and systems, network architecture(More)
The extension of blood vessels into the normally avascular stroma defines corneal neovascularization. Though this phenomenon, pathophysiological and clinical features are well characterized, therapeutic modalities have been hindered by a lack of safe, efficacious and non-controversial treatments. In this literature review, we focus on available therapeutic(More)
In this article, we recall the basic principles of Optical Regeneration in optical communication systems and review the current technology alternatives foreseen for future 40Gbit/s transmission system implementation. The alternative offered by opto-electronic regeneration is also discussed, as to identify and highlight the advantages of the all-optical(More)