Olivier Le Bacquer

Learn More
This study used polarized cell line Caco-2 as a model of human enterocytes to determine: 1) whether deprivation of nutrients on the apical (luminal) side of the epithelium (fasting) alters protein synthesis in enterocytes; 2) if so, whether glutamine can attenuate the effects of fasting; and 3) whether the effects of glutamine depend on its route (i.e.,(More)
To determine whether circulating citrulline can be manipulated in vivo in humans, and, if so, whether citrulline availability affects the levels of related amino acids, nitric oxide, urinary citrulline, and urea nitrogen, 10 healthy volunteers were studied on 3 separate days: 1) under baseline conditions; 2) after a 24-h treatment with phenylbutyrate (0.36(More)
To determine (1) whether protein restriction, combined with glucocorticosteroid treatment, can be used as a hypercatabolic model and (2) if so, whether glutamine attenuates protein wasting in this model, the effects of protein restriction, dexamethasone, and glutamine on leucine metabolism were assessed in dogs. A control group (n = 8) received a(More)
A method was developed by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the electron impact ionization mode to quantify citrulline in plasma, red blood cells (RBC) and urine. For all three fluids, citrulline was extracted on ion exchange resins, before derivatization to its propyl-heptaflorobutyryl-ester. Assay precision (coefficient of variation, CV) was(More)
BACKGROUND, AIMS & METHODS To determine whether depletion in plasma glutamine worsens the catabolic response to corticosteroids, seven healthy volunteers received oral prednisone for 6 days on two separate occasions, at least 2 weeks apart, and in random order. On the sixth day of each treatment course, they received 5 h intravenous infusions of(More)
To assess the effect of glutamine availability on rates of protein synthesis in human enterocytes, Caco-2 cells were grown until differentiation and then submitted to glutamine deprivation produced by exposure to glutamine-free medium or methionine sulfoximine [L-S-[3-amino-3-carboxypropyl]-S-methylsulfoximine (MSO)], a glutamine synthetase inhibitor. Cells(More)
Although very low birth weight infants are subjected to severe stress and glutamine is now considered a conditionally essential amino acid that may attenuate stress-induced protein wasting in adults, current amino acid solutions designed for neonatal parenteral nutrition do not contain glutamine. To determine whether a short-term supplementation with i.v.(More)
  • 1