Olivier Laprévôte

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Using the proteomic tandem affinity purification (TAP) method, we have purified the Saccharomyces cerevisie U2 snRNP-associated splicing factors SF3a and SF3b. While SF3a purification revealed only the expected subunits Prp9p, Prp11p and Prp21p, yeast SF3b was found to contain only six subunits, including previously known components (Rse1p, Hsh155p, Cus1p,(More)
The natural products belonging to the surfactin family are cycloheptapeptides bearing a long beta-hydroxy-fatty acyl chain at the N-terminal position. The structure of these compounds, often isolated as complex mixtures, can be elucidated by high-energy tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The protonated molecules generated by cesium ion bombardment (LSIMS)(More)
Bacteria were thought to be devoid of tyrosine-phosphorylating enzymes. However, several tyrosine kinases without similarity to their eukaryotic counterparts have recently been identified in bacteria. They are involved in many physiological processes, but their accurate functions remain poorly understood due to slow progress in their structural(More)
The application of mass spectrometry imaging (MS imaging) is rapidly growing with a constantly increasing number of different instrumental systems and software tools. The data format imzML was developed to allow the flexible and efficient exchange of MS imaging data between different instruments and data analysis software. imzML data is divided in two files(More)
A prominent group of bioactive lipopeptides produced by Bacillus species is constituted by iturins, surfactins and lichenysins. Interest in such substances results in their exceptional surfactant power, and their valuable antifungal, antibacterial, antitumoral and anti-Mycoplasma properties. As is typical for peptidic secondary-metabolites synthesized by(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana threonine deaminase (TD) is a tetramer composed of identical approximately 59600 Da subunits. TD activity has been shown to be inhibited by isoleucine. This effect is reversed by a large excess of valine. Nondenaturant gel filtration, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and mass spectrometry experiments demonstrated that binding of(More)
In Guadeloupe, epidemiological data have linked atypical parkinsonism with fruit and herbal teas from plants of the Annonaceae family, particularly Annona muricata. These plants contain a class of powerful, lipophilic complex I inhibitors, the annonaceous acetogenins. To determine the neurotoxic potential of these substances, we administered annonacin, the(More)
Imaging with time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) has expanded very rapidly with the development of gold cluster ion sources (Au(3+)). It is now possible to acquire ion density maps (ion images) on a tissue section without any treatment and with a lateral resolution of few micrometers. In this article, we have taken advantage of this(More)
Human striated muscle samples, from male control and Duchenne muscular dystrophy-affected children, were subjected to cluster-time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (cluster-ToF-SIMS) imaging using a 25 keV Bi(3)(+) liquid metal ion gun under static SIMS conditions. Spectra and ion density maps, or secondary ion images, were acquired in both(More)
We describe here the detection and identification of 13 primary metabolites (AMP, ADP, ATP, UDP-GlcNAc, ...) directly from rat brain sections by chemical mass spectrometry imaging. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS/MS) was combined with 9-aminoacridine as a powerful matrix. We also demonstrate that a new robotic(More)