Olivier Lafont

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The plasma and urine pharmacokinetic parameters of pyrazinamide and of its metabolites (pyrazinoic acid, 5-hydroxy-pyrazinamide, 5-hydroxy-pyrazinoic acid and pyrazinuric acid) have been studied after a single oral dose of pyrazinamide 27 mg · kg−1 in 9 healthy subjects. Pyrazinamide was rapidly absorbed (tmax ≤1 h) and showed a short distribution phase(More)
Pyrazinamide (PZA) is increasingly used with isoniazid and rifampicin, in short-course antituberculous chemotherapy in service programme conditions. Complicating arthralgias occur due to hyperuricaemia induced by the inhibition of renal tubular secretion of uric acid by pyrazinoic acid, the main PZA metabolite. Allopurinol (Al), a hypouricaemic agent,(More)
This paper describes the preparation of primidone-loaded poly-epsilon-caprolactone nanocapsules according to the interfacial deposition technique. The colloidal suspension obtained showed a monomodal size distribution with a mean diameter ranging from 308 to 352 nm. By adjusting the process parameters, the encapsulation efficiency was about 74% with good(More)
Beta-cyclodextrin was substituted by an iodosobenzoic acid derivative to create a catalytic hydrolytic activity against neurotoxic organophosphorus agents. The catalytic moiety was introduced on a secondary hydroxy group at the position 2 of a glucose unit. Several beta-cyclodextrin derivatives were obtained. In these derivatives, the methylene linker(More)
The utility of pyrazinamide (PZA) in the short-course antituberculous treatment is well established. All available data support the idea that the PZA metabolite pyrazinoic acid (PA) is the active compound against M. tuberculosis. This situation warranted a deeper investigation of possible interactions with respect to its metabolic disposition. Caffeine,(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of primidone (PRM) nanoencapsulation on its metabolism. Suspensions of PRM powder and PRM-loaded poly-epsilon-caprolactone nanocapsules were administered orally in the same way to rats. Primidone-loaded poly-epsilon-caprolactone nanocapsules were prepared according to the interfacial deposition technique.(More)
The pharmacokinetics of pyrazinamide (Pirilène) and its metabolites are evaluated in ten subjects with hepatic insufficiency, after an oral dose of 19.3 +/- 0.6 mg.kg-1 and the results are compared to those of a group of nine healthy subjects (control group). The results exhibit a marked reduction of the pyrazinamide total clearance (0.48 vs 0.84(More)
Even at the beginning of the next millennium, aspirin will still offer surprises. Its relatively young pharmacological history compares with the early use of salicylate-containing plants since antiquity. The Assyrians and the Egyptians were aware of the analgesic effects of a decoction of myrtle or willow leaves for joint pains. Hippocrates recommended(More)
Charles Frédéric Gerhardt (1816-1856) mentioned in his Traité de chimie Organique (1854) a publication, in French (realized in 1852 but published in 1853) entitled "Researches on anhydrous organic acids" in which, was reported the reaction of sodium salicylate with acetyl chloride. He thought that the reaction product was an acid anhydride, but obtained(More)
A comparative study of reaction conditions was performed for the synthesis of a 2-O-monobenzyl ether of cyclomaltoheptaose (beta-CD). Optimal conditions involved sodium ethoxide in Me(2)SO and benzyl bromide. The methodology was extended to the preparation of various 2(I)-O-iodobenzyl and 2(I)-O-carboxymethylbenzyl derivatives of beta-CD including a(More)