Olivier J. David

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Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a distinctive manifestation in nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) patients. Both inherited and acquired mutations of patched 1 (PTCH1), a tumor-suppressor gene controlling the activity of Smoothened (SMO), are the primary cause of the constitutive activation of the Hedgehog (HH) pathway, leading to the emergence of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed the pharmacokinetics and tolerability of fingolimod and its metabolites in severe renal impairment and healthy subjects. METHODS In this single-dose, open-label study, 9 severe renal impairment subjects and 9 demographically matched healthy subjects were included. Each subject received a single oral dose of fingolimod 1.25(More)
Objective. The aim of this study was to develop routinely applicable limited sampling strategies for assessing cyclosporin (CsA) AUC0–12 h, and possibly other exposure indices such as AUC0–4 h and Cmax, in heart transplant patients over the first year post-transplantation. Methods. First, the individual pharmacokinetics (PKs) of 14 adult heart-transplant(More)
Fingolimod (FTY720) is a sphingosine-1 phosphate-receptor (S1PR) modulator recently approved as a once-daily oral therapy for relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) in many countries. As S1PRs are widely expressed, including in heart and lung tissues, this study investigated the possible effects of fingolimod on heart-rate circadian rhythm and pulmonary(More)
Fingolimod (FTY720), a sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator, is the first in a new class of therapeutic compounds and is the first oral therapy approved for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Fingolimod is a structural analogue of endogenous sphingosine and undergoes phosphorylation to produce fingolimod phosphate, the active(More)
Fingolimod, a first-in-class oral sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor (S1PR) modulator, is approved in many countries for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, at a once-daily 0.5-mg dose. A reduction in peripheral lymphocyte count is an expected consequence of the fingolimod mechanism of S1PR modulation. The authors investigated if this pharmacodynamic(More)
Neoral cyclosporine has better absorption characteristics than the original Sandimmun formulation. This has allowed Neoral to be administered orally in circumstances where Sandimmun had been ineffective, including the postoperative phase of liver transplantation. Sampling strategies, such as the measurement of drug concentration 2 h after oral(More)
AIM Fingolimod, a sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator, is the first oral disease modifying therapy approved for the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis. The aim of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate the effect of fingolimod on cerebral blood flow, platelet function and macular thickness in healthy volunteers. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Fingolimod has a novel mechanism of action in multiple sclerosis, being a first-in-class sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator. Because of a potential risk of fetal toxicity based on animal studies, women of childbearing potential are advised to take effective contraceptive measures during and for 2 months after stopping fingolimod therapy.(More)
Fingolimod (FTY720) is a sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor (S1PR) modulator currently being evaluated for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Fingolimod undergoes phosphorylation in vivo to yield fingolimod phosphate (fingolimod-P), which modulates S1PRs expressed on lymphocytes and cells in the central nervous system. The authors developed a population(More)