Olivier Gauthier

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Calcium phosphate ceramics are widely used in bone reconstructive surgery because of their osteconductive properties. However, these materials generally lack osteoinductive properties required to support bone healing in large defects. In this article, we study the osteoinductive potential of calcium phosphate ceramic particles implanted for 6 months into(More)
Calcium phosphate materials have been increasingly employed in orthopedic and dental applications in recent years and are now being developed for use in noninvasive surgery or as carriers for drug delivery systems. We developed an injectable bone substitute (IBS) constituted of biphasic calcium phosphate and a hydrosoluble polymer as a carrier. In vivo(More)
A total of 60 cylindrical 6 x 6 mm samples of a macroporous biphasic calcium phosphate (MBCP) ceramic were implanted into a distal femoral site in 30 rabbits. These samples represented six kinds of implants with two different macropore diameters and three different macroporosity percentages. Analysis of backscattered electron images of implant surfaces(More)
Despite total hip replacement (THR) gives generally satisfactory results, the quality of outcome in young patients is markedly decreased compared to the average THR outcome. For this population, pharmacological treatment with bisphosphonate would be beneficial to decrease the peri-implant osteolysis. However, as this population does not necessarily suffer(More)
Articular cartilage has a low capacity for spontaneous repair. To promote the repair of this tissue, the transfer of autologous chondrocytes using a three-dimensional matrix appears promising. In this context, the aim of the present work was to investigate the potential use of autologous rabbit nasal chondrocytes (RNC) associated with an injectable(More)
BACKGROUND Many different bone substitutes, such as autografts, allografts or synthetic biomaterials have been proposed to restore alveolar bone loss and support efficient placement of dental implants. This experimental study evaluated the osteoconductive properties of an injectable bone substitute (IBS) composed of a polymeric carrier and a calcium(More)
PURPOSE Multipotent stromal cell (MSC)-based regenerative strategy has shown promise for the repair of cartilage, an avascular tissue in which cells experience hypoxia. Hypoxia is known to promote the early chondrogenic differentiation of MSC. The aim of our study was therefore to determine whether low oxygen tension could be used to enhance the(More)
It is a clinical challenge to obtain a sufficient orthopaedic implant fixation in weak osteoporotic bone. When the primary implant fixation is poor, micromotions occur at the bone-implant interface, activating osteoclasts, which leads to implant loosening. Bisphosphonate can be used to prevent the osteoclastic response, but when administered systemically(More)
Tissue engineering strategies, based on developing three-dimensional scaffolds capable of transferring autologous chondrogenic cells, holds promise for the restoration of damaged cartilage. In this study, the authors aimed at determining whether a recently developed silanized hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (Si-HPMC) hydrogel can be a suitable scaffold for(More)
This review focuses on the analysis of temporal beta diversity, which is the variation in community composition along time in a study area. Temporal beta diversity is measured by the variance of the multivariate community composition time series and that variance can be partitioned using appropriate statistical methods. Some of these methods are classical,(More)