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Background—Hypercholesterolemia is causally associated with defects of endothelial nitric oxide (NO)– dependent vasodilation. Increased uptake of cholesterol by endothelial cells (ECs) upregulates the abundance of the structural protein caveolin-1 and impairs NO release through the stabilization of the inhibitory heterocomplex between caveolin-1 and(More)
Background—Contrary to ␤ 1-and ␤ 2-adrenoceptors, ␤ 3-adrenoceptors mediate a negative inotropic effect in human ventricular muscle. To assess their functional role in heart failure, our purpose was to compare the expression and contractile effect of ␤ 3-adrenoceptors in nonfailing and failing human hearts. Methods and Results—We analyzed left ventricular(More)
Background—Decreased heart rate variability (HRV) and increased blood pressure variability (BPV), determined in part by nitric oxide (NO)– dependent endothelial dysfunction, are correlated with adverse prognosis in cardiovascular diseases. We examined potential alterations in BPV and HRV in genetically dyslipidemic, apolipoprotein (apo) E Ϫ/Ϫ , and control(More)
Switching to a glycolytic metabolism is a rapid adaptation of tumor cells to hypoxia. Although this metabolic conversion may primarily represent a rescue pathway to meet the bioenergetic and biosynthetic demands of proliferating tumor cells, it also creates a gradient of lactate that mirrors the gradient of oxygen in tumors. More than a metabolic waste, the(More)
Endothelium plays a crucial role in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis through the release of vasoactive factors. Nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHF) are the two major actors controlling the vasomotor tone. The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was reported in the mid 90ies to be under the control of(More)
The combination of radiotherapy and antiangiogenic strategies has been shown to increase the tumor response in various experimental models. The rationale for this cotherapy was initially related to the expected gain in efficacy by acting on two different targets, e.g., tumor cells and endothelial cells (ECs). However, recent studies have documented more(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolites released by the gut microbiota may influence host metabolism and immunity. We have tested the hypothesis that inulin-type fructans (ITF), by promoting microbial production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), influence cancer cell proliferation outside the gut. METHODS Mice transplanted with Bcr-Abl-transfected BaF3 cells, received(More)
Hypoxia and oncogene expression both stimulate glycolytic metabolism in tumors, thereby leading to lactate production. However, lactate is more than merely a by-product of glycolysis: it can be used as a metabolic fuel by oxidative cancer cells. This phenomenon resembles processes that have been described for skeletal muscle and brain that involve what are(More)
PURPOSE Because of its paramagnetic properties, oxygen may act as an endogenous magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent by changing proton relaxation rates. Changes in tissue oxygen concentrations have been shown to produce changes in relaxation rate R1 of water. The aim of the study was to improve the sensitivity of oxygen enhanced R1 imaging by(More)
In cardiac myocytes, agonist binding to muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAchRs) leads to the targeting of stimulated receptors to plasmalemmal microdomains termed caveolae. Here, we examined whether this translocation leads to mAchR internalization and alteration in downstream NO signaling. Differential binding of membrane-permeant and -impermeant mAchR(More)