Olivier Feron

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Tumors contain oxygenated and hypoxic regions, so the tumor cell population is heterogeneous. Hypoxic tumor cells primarily use glucose for glycolytic energy production and release lactic acid, creating a lactate gradient that mirrors the oxygen gradient in the tumor. By contrast, oxygenated tumor cells have been thought to primarily use glucose for(More)
Although nitric oxide (NO) 1 may not modulate all cellular functions and may not be present in all mammalian cells, the sheer volume of publications on the subject might lead one to conclude that this diminutive molecule is both omnipotent and omnipresent in human biology. This series of four Perspective articles, in the current and following issues of The(More)
Because of the particular characteristics of the tumor microenvironment and tumor angiogenesis, it is possible to design drug delivery systems that specifically target anti-cancer drugs to tumors. Most of the conventional chemotherapeutic agents have poor pharmacokinetics profiles and are distributed non-specifically in the body leading to systemic toxicity(More)
The endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) is a key determinant of vascular homeostasis. Like all known nitric-oxide synthases, eNOS enzyme activity is dependent on Ca2+-calmodulin. eNOS is dynamically targeted to specialized cell surface signal-transducing domains termed plasmalemmal caveolae and interacts with caveolin, an integral membrane protein that(More)
Lactate generated from pyruvate fuels production of intracellular NAD(+) as an end result of the glycolytic process in tumors. Elevated lactate concentration represents a good indicator of the metabolic adaptation of tumors and is actually correlated to clinical outcome in a variety of human cancers. In this study, we investigated whether lactate could(More)
Tumor cells fuel their metabolism with glucose and glutamine to meet the bioenergetic and biosynthetic demands of proliferation. Hypoxia and oncogenic mutations drive glycolysis, with the pyruvate to lactate conversion being promoted by increased expression of lactate dehydrogenase A and inactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase. The NAD+ pool is consecutively(More)
Nitric oxide is synthesized in diverse mammalian tissues by a family of calmodulin-dependent nitric oxide synthases. The endothelial isoform of nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is targeted to the specialized signal-transducing membrane domains termed plasmalemmal caveolae. Caveolin, the principal structural protein in caveolae, interacts with eNOS and leads to(More)
BACKGROUND Hypercholesterolemia is causally associated with defects of endothelial nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasodilation. Increased uptake of cholesterol by endothelial cells (ECs) upregulates the abundance of the structural protein caveolin-1 and impairs NO release through the stabilization of the inhibitory heterocomplex between caveolin-1 and(More)
Measuring intracellular metabolism has increasingly led to important insights in biomedical research. (13)C tracer analysis, although less information-rich than quantitative (13)C flux analysis that requires computational data integration, has been established as a time-efficient method to unravel relative pathway activities, qualitative changes in pathway(More)
BACKGROUND Contrary to beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenoceptors, beta(3)-adrenoceptors mediate a negative inotropic effect in human ventricular muscle. To assess their functional role in heart failure, our purpose was to compare the expression and contractile effect of beta(3)-adrenoceptors in nonfailing and failing human hearts. METHODS AND RESULTS We analyzed(More)