Olivier Dubois

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RATIONALE RhoA and Rho kinase contribute to pulmonary vasoconstriction and vascular remodeling in pulmonary hypertension. RhoB, a protein homologous to RhoA and activated by hypoxia, regulates neoplastic growth and vasoconstriction but its role in the regulation of pulmonary vascular function is not known. OBJECTIVE To determine the role of RhoB in(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a disease of progressive vascular remodeling, characterized by dysregulated growth of pulmonary vascular cells and inflammation. A prevailing view is that abnormal cellular metabolism, notably aerobic glycolysis that increases glucose demand, underlies the pathogenesis of PAH. Increased lung glucose uptake(More)
The typical response of the adult mammalian pulmonary circulation to a low oxygen environment is vasoconstriction and structural remodelling of pulmonary arterioles, leading to chronic elevation of pulmonary artery pressure (pulmonary hypertension) and right ventricular hypertrophy. Some mammals, however, exhibit genetic resistance to hypoxia-induced(More)
RATIONALE Evidence is increasing of a link between interferon (IFN) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Conditions with chronically elevated endogenous IFNs such as systemic sclerosis are strongly associated with PAH. Furthermore, therapeutic use of type I IFN is associated with PAH. This was recognized at the 2013 World Symposium on Pulmonary(More)
The NOS (nitric oxide synthase) inhibitor ADMA (asymmetric dimethylarginine) contributes to the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension. Reduced levels of the enzymes metabolizing ADMA, dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolases (DDAH1 and DDAH2) and increased levels of miR-21 are linked to disease pathology, but the mechanisms are not understood. In the(More)
RATIONALE Iron deficiency without anemia is prevalent in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and associated with reduced exercise capacity and survival. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that iron deficiency is involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension and iron replacement is a possible therapeutic strategy. METHODS AND(More)
Optimized Schwarz Methods (OSM) use Robin transmission conditions across the subdomain interfaces. The Robin parameter can then be optimized to obtain the fastest convergence. A new formulation is presented with a coarse grid correction. The optimal parameter is computed for a model problem on a cylinder, together with the corresponding convergence factor(More)
Optimized Schwarz methods form a class of domain decomposition methods for the solution of elliptic partial differential equations. When the subdomains are overlapping or nonoverlapping, these methods employ the optimal value of parameter(s) in the boundary condition along the artificial interface to accelerate its convergence. In the literature, the(More)