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While intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) has been reported to evoke cellular responses via hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) but without substantial performance benefits in endurance athletes, we hypothesized that repeated sprint training in hypoxia could enhance repeated sprint ability (RSA) performed in normoxia via improved glycolysis and O(2)(More)
Skeletal muscle size is tightly regulated by the synergy between anabolic and catabolic signalling pathways which, in humans, have not been well characterized. Akt has been suggested to play a pivotal role in the regulation of skeletal muscle hypertrophy and atrophy in rodents and cells. Here we measured the amount of phospho-Akt and several of its(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma coactivator-1 (PGC-1) can induce mitochondria biogenesis and has been implicated in the development of oxidative type I muscle fibers. The PPAR isoforms alpha, beta/delta, and gamma control the transcription of genes involved in fatty acid and glucose metabolism. As endurance training increases(More)
This paper is about (self-powered) advanced hand prosthetics and their control via surface electromyography (sEMG). We hereby introduce to the biorobotics community the first version of the Ninapro database, containing kinematic and sEMG data from the upper limbs of 27 intact subjects while performing 52 finger, hand and wrist movements of interest. The(More)
BACKGROUND The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a self reported questionnaire for patients with foot and ankle disorders available in English, German, and Persian. This study plans to translate the FAAM from English to French (FAAM-F) and assess the validity and reliability of this new version. METHODS The FAAM-F Activities of Daily Living (ADL)(More)
1. Seven conscious dogs received arginine-vasopressin infusions (100 and 1000 fmol min--1 kg--1) through catheters implanted in the left vertebral artery or the inferior vena cava while arterial pressure, cardiac output (electromagnetic flowmeter) and heart rate were measured. 2. Despite similar increases in plasma vasopressin concentrations, intravertebral(More)
Mitochondrial impairment is hypothesized to contribute to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Mitofusin (Mfn) proteins regulate the biogenesis and maintenance of the mitochondrial network, and when inactivated, cause a failure in the mitochondrial architecture and decreases in oxidative capacity and glucose oxidation. Exercise increases muscle(More)
PURPOSE Slight differences in physiological responses and nitric oxide (NO) have been reported at rest between hypobaric hypoxia (HH) and normobaric hypoxia (NH) during short exposure.Our study reports NO and oxidative stress at rest and physiological responses during moderate exercise in HH versus NH. METHODS Ten subjects were randomly exposed for 24 h(More)
Intra-myocellular triglycerides (IMTG) accumulate in the muscle of obese and endurance-trained (ET) humans and are considered a pathogenic factor in the development of insulin resistance, in the former. We postulate that this paradox may be associated with the peroxidation status of the IMTG. IMTG content was the same in the obese and ET subjects. The lipid(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify predictors of nonresponse to a self-report study of patients with orthopedic trauma hospitalized for vocational rehabilitation between November 15, 2003, and December 31, 2005. The role of biopsychosocial complexity, assessed using the INTERMED, was of particular interest. DESIGN Cohort study. Questionnaires with quality of life,(More)