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A method is presented that aims at segmenting and measuring the surface of the spinal cord from MR images in order to detect and quantify atrophy. A semiautomatic segmentation with very little intervention from an operator is proposed. It is based on the optimization of a B-spline active surface. The method allows for the computation of orthogonal(More)
As surface-based data analysis offer an attractive approach for intersubject matching and comparison, the projection of voxel-based 3D volumes onto the cortical surface is an essential problem. We present here a method that aims at producing representations of functional brain data on the cortical surface from functional MRI volumes. Such representations(More)
The application of a three-dimensional magnetization transfer (MT) sequence and B-spline active surface segmentation method to produce MT histograms of the cervical spinal cord in a pilot study of controls and multiple sclerosis (MS) patients is presented. Subjects' cervical spinal cords were imaged with (a) a volume-acquired inversion-prepared fast spoiled(More)
Humans daily face social situations involving conflicts between competing moral decision. Despite a substantial amount of studies published over the past 10 years, the respective role of emotions and reason, their possible interaction, and their behavioural expression during moral evaluation remains an unresolved issue. A dualistic approach to moral(More)
We present here a new method for cerebral activation detection over a group of subjects. This method is performed using individual activation maps of any sort. It aims at processing a group analysis while preserving individual information and at overcoming as far as possible limitations of the spatial normalization used to compare different subjects. We(More)
As multi-dimensional complex data become more common, new regularization schemes tailored to those data are needed. In this paper we present a scheme for regularising diffusion tensor magnetic resonance (DT-MR) data, and more generally multi-dimensional data defined by a direction map and one or several magnitude maps. The scheme is divided in two steps.(More)
Identifying potentially unique features of the human cerebral cortex is a first step to understanding how evolution has shaped the brain in our species. By analyzing MR images obtained from 177 humans and 73 chimpanzees, we observed a human-specific asymmetry in the superior temporal sulcus at the heart of the communication regions and which we have named(More)
Studies of the central sulcus (CS) often use observer-dependent procedures to assess CS morphology and sulcal landmarks. Here, we applied a novel method combining automated sulcus reconstruction, surface parameterization, and an observer-independent depth measurement to study the CS. This facilitated the quantitative assessment of the spatial position and(More)
Genetic control over morphological variability of primary sulci and gyri is of great interest in the evolutionary, developmental and clinical neurosciences. Primary structures emerge early in development and their morphology is thought to be related to neuronal differentiation, development of functional connections and cortical lateralization. We measured(More)