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In this article, we focus on the computation of statistics of invertible geometrical deformations (i.e., diffeomorphisms), based on the generalization to this type of data of the notion of principal logarithm. Remarkably, this logarithm is a simple 3D vector field, and is well-defined for diffeomorphisms close enough to the identity. This allows to perform(More)
We present a new algorithm, called local MAP STAPLE, to estimate from a set of multi-label segmentations both a reference standard segmentation and spatially varying performance parameters. It is based on a sliding window technique to estimate the segmentation and the segmentation performance parameters for each input segmentation. In order to allow for(More)
Warping a digital atlas toward a patient image allows the simultaneous segmentation of several structures. This may be of great interest for cerebral images, since the brain contains a large number of small but important structures (optical nerves, grey nuclei, etc.). One important application is the conformal radiotherapy of cerebral tumor, where a precise(More)
PURPOSE Radiotherapy planning requires accurate delineations of the tumor and of the critical structures. Atlas-based segmentation has been shown to be very efficient to automatically delineate brain critical structures. We therefore propose to construct an anatomical atlas of the head and neck region. METHODS AND MATERIALS Due to the high anatomical(More)
EMPIRE10 (Evaluation of Methods for Pulmonary Image REgistration 2010) is a public platform for fair and meaningful comparison of registration algorithms which are applied to a database of intrapatient thoracic CT image pairs. Evaluation of nonrigid registration techniques is a nontrivial task. This is compounded by the fact that researchers typically test(More)
Highly conformal irradiation techniques are associated with steep gradient doses. Accuracy and reproducibility of delineation are required to avoid geometric misses and to properly report dose-volume effects on organs at risk. Guidelines of the International Commission on Radiation Units have largely contributed to high quality treatments. The ICRU(More)
In this article, we focus on the parameterization of non-rigid geometrical deformations with a small number of flexible degrees of freedom. In previous work, we proposed a general framework called polyaffine to parameterize deformations with a finite number of rigid or affine components, while guaranteeing the invertibility of global deformations. However,(More)
In this article, we focus on the parameterization of non-rigid geometrical deformations with a small number of flexible degrees of freedom. In previous work, we proposed a general framework called polyaffine to parameterize deformations with a small number of rigid or affine components, while guaranteeing the invertibility of global deformations. However,(More)
Deforming a digital atlas towards a patient image allows the simultaneous segmentation of several structures. Such an intersubject registration is difficult as the deformations to recover are highly inhomogeneous. A priori information about the local amount of deformation to expect is precious, since it allows to optimally balance the quality of the(More)