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In this article, we focus on the computation of statistics of invertible geometrical deformations (i.e., diffeomorphisms), based on the generalization to this type of data of the notion of principal logarithm. Remarkably, this logarithm is a simple 3D vector field, and is well-defined for diffeomorphisms close enough to the identity. This allows to perform(More)
In order to evaluate the quality of segmentations of an image and assess intra- and inter-expert variability in segmentation performance, an Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm for Simultaneous Truth And Performance Level Estimation (STAPLE) was recently developed. This algorithm, originally presented for segmentation validation, has since been used for(More)
In this article, we focus on the parameterization of non-rigid geometrical deformations with a small number of flexible degrees of freedom. In previous work, we proposed a general framework called polyaffine to parameterize deformations with a finite number of rigid or affine components, while guaranteeing the invertibility of global deformations. However,(More)
In this article, we focus on the parameterization of non-rigid geometrical deformations with a small number of flexible degrees of freedom. In previous work, we proposed a general framework called polyaffine to parameterize deformations with a small number of rigid or affine components, while guaranteeing the invertibility of global deformations. However,(More)
We present a new algorithm, called local MAP STAPLE, to estimate from a set of multi-label segmentations both a reference standard segmentation and spatially varying performance parameters. It is based on a sliding window technique to estimate the segmentation and the segmentation performance parameters for each input segmentation. In order to allow for(More)
The emergence of new modalities such as Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is of great interest for the characterization and the temporal study of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). DTI indeed gives information on water diffusion within tissues and could therefore reveal alterations in white matter fibers before being visible in conventional MRI. However, recent studies(More)
In this article, we focus on the computation of statistics of invertible geometrical deformations (i.e., diffeomorphisms), based on the generalization to this type of data of the notion of principal logarithm. Remarkably, this logarithm is a simple 3D vector field, and can be used for diffeomorphisms close enough to the identity. This allows to perform(More)
Radiotherapy planning needs accurate delineations of the critical structures. Atlas-based segmentation has been shown to be very efficient to delineate brain structures. However, the construction of an atlas from a dataset of images, particularly for the head and neck region, is very difficult due to the high variability of the images and can generate(More)