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Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is considered an agent responsible for acute hepatitis that does not progress to chronic hepatitis. We identified 14 cases of acute HEV infection in three patients receiving liver transplants, nine receiving kidney transplants, and two receiving kidney and pancreas transplants. All patients were positive for serum HEV RNA. Chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term renal transplant (RT) recipient mortality and graft loss increase significantly in hepatitis C virus positive (HCV-[+]ve) patients. Treatment with alpha-interferon in this population is associated with a high rate of acute rejection. The aims of this study were the evaluation of the efficacy and the safety of ribavirin monotherapy in 16(More)
Rituximab off-label use includes organ transplantation. We review the occurrence of infectious disease and its outcome after rituximab therapy. Between April 2004 and August 2008, 77 kidney-transplant patients received rituximab therapy [2-8 courses (median 4) of 375 mg/m2 each] for various reasons. Their results were compared with a control group (n=902)(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related end-stage liver disease (ESLD) is the leading cause for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The aim of our sequential study was to assess the safety and efficacy of induction therapy using either rabbit antithymocyte globulins (RATG) or anti-CD25 monoclonal antibodies. METHODS From January 2000 to January(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection can evolve to chronic hepatitis in immunocompromised patients. Pegylated α-interferon can effectively treat chronic HEV infection after liver transplantation but is contraindicated for kidney transplantation. We assessed the antiviral effect of ribavirin monotherapy in patients with chronic HEV infection(More)
Leucopenia and diarrhoea are the main side effects observed after the use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in renal-transplant patients. The mechanism of diarrhoea remains unknown. We report on four cases presenting with severe diarrhoea, which appeared, respectively, at 4, 10, 24, and 66 months after MMF therapy had been started. All patients presented with(More)
A pilot study was performed on eight consecutive renal-transplant (RT) patients presenting with acute humoral rejection (AHR) to assess the efficacy of monoclonal anti-B cell antibodies, such as rituximab (375 mg/m weekly) for 3 to 5 consecutive weeks, in addition to plasma exchange (PE), steroids, mycophenolate mofetil, and tacrolimus. AHR was associated(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive fungal infection (IFI) following liver transplant is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Antifungal prophylaxis is rational for liver transplant patients at high IFI risk. METHODS In this open-label, noninferiority study, patients were randomized 1:1 to receive intravenous micafungin 100 mg or center-specific standard(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is an emerging disease in industrialized countries. Few data regarding genotype 3 HEV extrahepatic manifestations exist. METHODS We assessed kidney function and histology in solid-organ transplant patients during HEV infection. In all, 51 cases of genotype 3 HEV infections were diagnosed (34 kidney, 14 liver,(More)