Olivier Cointault

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Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is considered an agent responsible for acute hepatitis that does not progress to chronic hepatitis. We identified 14 cases of acute HEV infection in three patients receiving liver transplants, nine receiving kidney transplants, and two receiving kidney and pancreas transplants. All patients were positive for serum HEV RNA. Chronic(More)
A pilot study was performed on eight consecutive renal-transplant (RT) patients presenting with acute humoral rejection (AHR) to assess the efficacy of monoclonal anti-B cell antibodies, such as rituximab (375 mg/m weekly) for 3 to 5 consecutive weeks, in addition to plasma exchange (PE), steroids, mycophenolate mofetil, and tacrolimus. AHR was associated(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection can evolve to chronic hepatitis in immunocompromised patients. Pegylated α-interferon can effectively treat chronic HEV infection after liver transplantation but is contraindicated for kidney transplantation. We assessed the antiviral effect of ribavirin monotherapy in patients with chronic HEV infection(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is an emerging disease in industrialized countries. Few data regarding genotype 3 HEV extrahepatic manifestations exist. METHODS We assessed kidney function and histology in solid-organ transplant patients during HEV infection. In all, 51 cases of genotype 3 HEV infections were diagnosed (34 kidney, 14 liver,(More)
Rituximab off-label use includes organ transplantation. We review the occurrence of infectious disease and its outcome after rituximab therapy. Between April 2004 and August 2008, 77 kidney-transplant patients received rituximab therapy [2-8 courses (median 4) of 375 mg/m2 each] for various reasons. Their results were compared with a control group (n=902)(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of our study was to identify the independent factors that might predict anemia at 6 (M6) and 12 (M12) months posttransplantation. METHODS Postrenal transplant anemia (PTA) was defined as having a hemoglobin (Hb) level below 13 g/dl for men and below 12 g/dL for women. In this study, we included all the recipients who received a renal(More)
AIMS To identify the predictive factors for acute renal failure (ARF) in a retrospective study of 100 orthotopic liver transplantations (OLT) performed in 94 patients between 2000 and 2003. METHODS Acute renal failure (ARF) was defined using the RIFLE criteria, i.e. injury when creatinine doubles or GFR halves, and failure when creatinine trebles or GFR(More)
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is increasingly prevalent in solid-organ-transplant patients. This is in part related to the long-term use of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) agents. However, in orthotopic liver-transplant (OLT) patients, the effects of superimposed hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related renal lesions could also be a factor. The aim of this cohort study(More)
After kidney transplantation, occurrence of anemia in the early post-transplant period (<1 month) is high and arises out of issues that are multifactorial. We performed a retrospective single-center study to assess whether delivery of high doses of erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESA) within the first week of kidney transplantation, translates at 1 month(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment with trisodium citrate provides an effective means of regional anticoagulation during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). We evaluated the efficacy, safety and cost of a regional citrate anticoagulation protocol using commercial solutions in 17 critically ill patients treated with continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration(More)