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OBJECTIVES To assess the safety-efficacy balance of low-dose inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in hypoxemic premature infants because no sustained beneficial effect has been demonstrated clearly and there are concerns about side effects. STUDY DESIGN Eight hundred and sixty infants <32 weeks were randomized at birth to receive 5 ppm iNO or placebo when they(More)
BACKGROUND Fetal growth restriction (FGR) followed by rapid weight gain during early life has been suggested to be the initial sequence promoting central adiposity and insulin resistance. However, the link between fetal and early postnatal growth and the associated anthropometric and metabolic changes have been poorly studied. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
This study was carried out to build statistical models for defining FGR (Fetal Growth Restriction) in weight and/or length after taking growth potential of an infant into account. From a cohort of pregnant women having given birth to 47,733 infants in 141 French maternity units, two statistical models gave individualized limits of birth weight and birth(More)
UNLABELLED We conducted a pilot study to assess the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D among Iranian women and their newborns. Blood samples were taken from 50 mothers (age 16-40 yr) and their neonates at term delivery in the largest Tehran hospital. The results showed that 80% of the women had 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) concentrations of less than 25(More)
Currently, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung (CCAM) is often diagnosed antenatally by ultrasound, allowing prompt and appropriate medical and surgical management after birth. The authors report 21 cases of CCAM admitted from 1988 to 1997 to a neonatal intensive care unit and treated by high-frequency oscillation (HFO) and early surgery.(More)
The long-term consequences of small size at birth have been well described during the last 2 decades. It is important to assess the fetal growth velocity and to recognize that newborns may have growth restriction even with a normal birth weight. Intrauterine growth retardation suggests decreased growth velocity in the fetus as the result of a certain(More)
In 2010 and 2011, the city of Lyon, located in the Rhône-Alpes region (France), has experienced one of the highest incidences of measles in Europe. We describe a measles outbreak in the Lyon area, where cases were diagnosed at Lyon University hospitals (LUH) between 2010 and mid-2011. Data were collected from the mandatory notification system of the(More)
Because docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may be an essential nutrient for the visual and early cognitive development of preterm infants, DHA enrichment of preterm formulas has been recommended. This randomized trial was designed to study the n-6 and n-3 fatty acid status of healthy preterm infants fed a formula enriched with a low eicosapentaenoic-fish oil until(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate growth and bone mineralization in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants fed preterm formula (PF) or term formula (TF). STUDY DESIGN In a double-blind prospective study, 49 preterm infants of gestational age 33 weeks or less were randomly fed PF or TF for 2 months after discharge, then all of the infants were fed TF for the next 2(More)
BACKGROUND Because recent data on the effects of mineral concentrations in preterm infant formula on bone mineralization are lacking, recommendations for the mineral content of preterm infant formula differ greatly between committees. OBJECTIVE The goal of the study was to assess the effects of an isocaloric, nutrient-enriched preterm formula, which was(More)