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BACKGROUND Fetal growth restriction (FGR) followed by rapid weight gain during early life has been suggested to be the initial sequence promoting central adiposity and insulin resistance. However, the link between fetal and early postnatal growth and the associated anthropometric and metabolic changes have been poorly studied. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
BACKGROUND Coagulase-negative staphylococci, mainly Staphylococcus epidermidis, are the most frequent cause of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting. However, recent reports indicate that methicillin-resistant, vancomycin-heteroresistant Staphylococcus capitis could emerge as a significant pathogen in the NICU. We(More)
CONTEXT Supplementation of breast milk is difficult once infants suckle the breast and is often discontinued at end of hospitalisation and after discharge. Thus, breastfed preterm infants are exposed to an increased risk of nutritional deficit with a possible consequence on neurodevelopmental outcome. OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between breast(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if it is possible to stabilise the cerebral oxygenation of extremely preterm infants monitored by cerebral near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) oximetry. DESIGN Phase II randomised, single blinded, parallel clinical trial. SETTING Eight tertiary neonatal intensive care units in eight European countries. PARTICIPANTS 166 extremely(More)
BACKGROUND Every year in Europe about 25,000 infants are born extremely preterm. These infants have a 20% mortality rate, and 25% of survivors have severe long-term cerebral impairment. Preventative measures are key to reduce mortality and morbidity in an extremely preterm population. The primary objective of the SafeBoosC phase II trial is to examine if it(More)
Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon can be encountered in the perinatal period. No consensus exists regarding prenatal management. We report one prenatal case leading to therapeutic abortion and one neonatal case, successfully treated by a multimodal therapy. Prenatal counseling should include the possibility of neonatal multimodal treatment that can lead to(More)
INTRODUCTION Psychiatric disorders are among the leading causes of disability in Western societies. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most frequently prescribed antidepressant drugs during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Over the last decade, conflicting findings regarding the safety of SSRI drugs during pregnancy and lactation(More)
BACKGROUND The SafeBoosC phase II multicentre randomized clinical trial investigated the benefits and harms of monitoring cerebral oxygenation by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined with an evidence-based treatment guideline vs. no NIRS data and treatment as usual in the control group during the first 72 h of life. The trial demonstrated a(More)
BACKGROUND The use of cyclosporin (CsA) has improved graft survival in transplant (Tx) patients despite its potential nephrotoxicity. Children born to transplanted women may present with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). On the basis of potential reduced nephron mass both in IUGR and in newborn experimental animals exposed to CsA in utero, we(More)
OBJECTIVES To establish the pattern of change in individual scientific production over the career of medical researchers. DESIGN Retrospective cohort based on prospectively collected data in a hospital information system. SETTING Multicentre university hospital in France. PARTICIPANTS Two distinct populations of 1835 researchers (full professors vs(More)