Olivier Chaloin

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Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) constitute a class of nanomaterials that possess characteristics suitable for a variety of possible applications. Their compatibility with aqueous environments has been made possible by the chemical functionalization of their surface, allowing for exploration of their interactions with biological components including mammalian cells.(More)
Screening for genes that reprogram cancer cells for the tumor reversion switch identified TCTP (encoding translationally controlled tumor protein) as a crucial regulator of apoptosis. Here we report a negative feedback loop between P53 and TCTP. TCTP promotes P53 degradation by competing with NUMB for binding to P53-MDM2-containing complexes. TCTP inhibits(More)
Recent studies have implicated the involvement of cell surface forms of nucleolin in tumor growth. In this study, we investigated whether a synthetic ligand of cell-surface nucleolin known as N6L could exert antitumor activity. We found that N6L inhibits the anchorage-dependent and independent growth of tumor cell lines and that it also hampers(More)
Talin establishes a major link between integrins and actin filaments and contains two distinct integrin binding sites: one, IBS1, located in the talin head domain and involved in integrin activation and a second, IBS2, that maps to helix 50 of the talin rod domain and is essential for linking integrin beta subunits to the cytoskeleton ( Moes, M., Rodius,(More)
Palytoxins are potent marine biotoxins that have recently become endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, and are becoming more frequently associated with seafood. Due to their high toxicity, suitable methods to quantify palytoxins are needed. Thus, we developed an indirect sandwich ELISA for palytoxin and 42-hydroxy-palytoxin. An intralaboratory study(More)
The development of actively targeted, responsive delivery vectors holds great promise for cancer therapy. Here, we investigated whether enhanced therapeutic activity of temperature sensitive liposomes (TSL) could be obtained by mild hyperthermia-triggered release of the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX) after hCTMO1 monoclonal antibody (anti-MUC-1)(More)
In this study we examined the hypothesis that the binding affinity of two double-stranded (ds) RNA motifs to HIV-1 Tat protein might affect transactivation and the type of anti-Tat immune responses. Using surface plasmon resonance technology we demonstrated the capacity of the poly(A):poly(U) (pA:pU) motif to bind with high affinity to a totally synthetic(More)
Interaction between CD40, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily, and its ligand CD40L, a 39-kDa glycoprotein, is essential for the development of humoral and cellular immune responses. Selective blockade or activation of this pathway provides the ground for the development of new treatments against immunologically based diseases(More)
Host resistance to Trypanosoma cruzi infection depends on a type 1 response characterized by a strong production of IL-12 and IFN-gamma. Amplifying this response through CD40 triggering results in control of parasitemia. Two newly synthesized molecules (<3 kDa) mimicking trimeric CD40L (mini CD40Ls(-1) and (-2)) bind to CD40, activate murine dendritic(More)