Olivier Chételat

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In this paper we derive a reduced model, that is, a model in terms of independent generalized coordinates, for the equations of motion of closed-chain mechanisms. We highlight the fact that the model has two special characteristics which make it different from models of open-chain mechanisms. First, it is defined locally in the generalized coordinates. We(More)
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a surrogate of arterial stiffness and represents a non-invasive marker of cardiovascular risk. The non-invasive measurement of PWV requires tracking the arrival time of pressure pulses recorded in vivo, commonly referred to as pulse arrival time (PAT). In the state of the art, PAT is estimated by identifying a characteristic(More)
Pulse-wave velocity (PWV) is considered as the gold-standard method to assess arterial stiffness, an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Current available devices that measure PWV need to be operated by skilled medical staff, thus, reducing the potential use of PWV in the ambulatory setting. In this paper, we present a new(More)
Smart clothes increase the efficiency of long-term non-invasive monitoring systems by facilitating the placement of sensors and increasing the number of measurement locations. Since the sensors are either garment-integrated or embedded in an unobtrusive way in the garment, the impact on the subject's comfort is minimized. However, the main challenge of(More)
This paper presents an analytical model for the force and torque developed by a reaction sphere actuator for satellite attitude control. The reaction sphere is an innovative momentum exchange device consisting of a magnetic bearings spherical rotor that can be electronically accelerated in any direction making all the three axes of stabilized spacecrafts(More)
We propose WELCOME, an innovative integrated care platform using wearable sensors and smart cloud computing for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients with co-morbidities. WELCOME aims to bring about a change in the reactive nature of the management of chronic diseases and its comorbidities, in particular through the development of a patient(More)
Many cardiorespiratory physiological signals can be measured from the chest skin. When measured at many spots, some of them like EIT (Electrical Impedance Tomography) produce images. Classical approaches cannot practically be used to make wearables with a large number of sensors, because the sensing points are connected to a bulky centralized electronics(More)
The clinical demand for technologies to monitor Blood Pressure (BP) in ambulatory scenarios with minimal use of inflation cuffs is strong: new generation of BP monitors are expected to be not only accurate, but also non-occlusive. In this paper we review recent advances on the use of the so-called Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) technologies to estimate BP in a(More)
A novel concept of Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) sensor embedded in a finger ring is presented in this paper. Due to the mechanical conception of the probe, the sensor fits any finger topology and assures a constant force applied to the phalanx. Ambient light artifacts are rejected at the analog electronics level. Finally, an innovative distribution of light(More)