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OBJECTIVE Beta-adrenergic stimulation modulates cardiac contractility through protein kinase A (PKA), which phosphorylates proteins such as troponin I (cTnI) and C-protein (cMyBP-C). The relative contributions of cTnI and cMyBP-C to the regulation of myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity are still controversial because of difficulty in targeting specific protein(More)
We studied active and passive properties of intact isolated guinea-pig ventricular myocytes in auxotonic conditions. Cells were attached using carbon fibres. The passive properties of the myocytes, in the presence of the stretch-activated channel blocker streptomycin sulphate, could be separated into two groups: stiff cells (stiffness slope = 2.88 +/- 0.93(More)
1. This study examined the effects of SR33805, a fantofarone derivative with reported strong Ca(2+) -antagonistic properties, on the contractile properties of intact and skinned rat ventricular myocytes. 2. On intact cells loaded with the Ca(2+)-fluorescent indicator Indo-1, the application of low concentrations of SR33805 enhanced the amplitude of unloaded(More)
In vivo the sub-epicardial myocardium (EPI) and sub-endocardial myocardium (ENDO) operate over different ranges of sarcomere length (SL). However, it has not been previously shown whether EPI and ENDO work upon different ranges of the same or differing length-tension curves. We have compared the SL-tension relationship of intact, single ventricular EPI and(More)
Blebbistatin (BLEB) is a recently discovered compound that inhibits myosin-II ATPase activity. In this study, we tested BLEB in intact and skinned isolated rat cardiac trabeculae, rat intact myocytes, and single rabbit psoas myofibrils. BLEB (10 muM) reduced twitch force and cell shortening that was reversed by exposure to light. BLEB treatment of skinned(More)
The intrinsic cellular mechanisms by which length regulates myocardial contraction, the basis of the Frank-Starling relation, are uncertain. The aim of this work was to test the hypothesis that passive force, possibly via titin, participates in the modulation of Ca2+ sensitivity of cardiac contractile proteins induced by stretch. Titin degradation by a mild(More)
Myocardial damages due to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) are recognized to be the result of a complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Epidemiological studies suggested that, among environmental factors, carbon monoxide (CO) urban pollution can be linked to cardiac diseases and mortality. The aim of this work was to evaluate the impact of(More)
RATIONALE Epidemiologic studies associate atmospheric carbon monoxide (CO) pollution with adverse cardiovascular outcomes and increased cardiac mortality risk. However, there is a lack of data regarding cellular mechanisms in healthy individuals. OBJECTIVES To investigate the chronic effects of environmentally relevant CO levels on cardiac function in a(More)
Previous studies demonstrated increased fatty acid uptake and metabolism in MHC-FATP transgenic mice that overexpress fatty acid transport protein (FATP)1 in the heart under the control of the alpha-myosin heavy chain (alpha-MHC) promoter. Doppler tissue imaging and hemodynamic measurements revealed diastolic dysfunction, in the absence of changes in(More)
Fish myocytes continue to develop active tension when stretched to sarcomere lengths (SLs) on the descending limb of the mammalian length-tension relationship. A greater length-dependent activation in fish than mammals could account for this because the increase in Ca(2+) sensitivity may overcome the tendency for force to fall due to reduced cross-bridge(More)