Olivier Boyer

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Despite extensive surgery for glioblastoma, residual tumor cells always lead to relapse. Gene therapy based on retrovirus-mediated gene transfer of herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV-1 TK), which specifically sensitizes dividing cells to ganciclovir (GCV) toxicity, may help eradicate such cells. During glioblastoma surgery, HSV-1 TK(More)
Numerous parameters have to be tested to identify optimal conditions for prepubertal testicular tissue banking. Our study evaluated 19 different cryopreservation conditions for immature testicular tissue using a rapid screening method. Immature mice testes were cryopreserved using either 1,2-propanediol (PROH) or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at a concentration(More)
Olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) have the ability to promote regeneration in the nervous system. Hence, they hold promise for cell therapy. Most of the experimental studies have investigated the role of OECs taken from olfactory bulb (OB). However, for a clinical human application, olfactory mucosa (OM) seems to be the only acceptable source for OECs. Many(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells (T reg cells) play a major role in the control of immune responses but the factors controlling their homeostasis and function remain poorly characterized. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) released during cell damage or inflammation results in ART2.2-mediated ADP-ribosylation of the cytolytic P2X7 receptor(More)
We performed a dose-escalating phase I/II study of retrovirus-mediated herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV-1-TK) suicide gene therapy for metastatic melanoma. HSV-1 TK expression, which specifically sensitizes transduced and bystander cancer cells to ganciclovir (GCV) toxicity, was mediated by one (four patients, first dose step) to three(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the therapeutic effects of etanercept (ETA) or adalimumab (ADA) on the numbers and phenotypes of CD4+CD25hi Tregs in RA patients. METHODS RA patients received ADA (n = 28) or ETA (n = 20) and stable-dose MTX or LEF. Therapeutic responses were assessed with the 28-joint DAS (DAS-28) criteria after 12 weeks of treatment. Treg numbers(More)
Necrotizing autoimmune myopathy (NAM) is a group of acquired myopathies characterized by prominent myofiber necrosis with little or no muscle inflammation. Recently, researchers identified autoantibodies (aAb) against 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) in patients with NAM, especially in statin-exposed patients. Here we report what is(More)
Cytotoxic chemotherapy is ineffective in metastatic renal cancer. However, systemic administration of interleukin 2 (IL-2) or infusion of dendritic cells (DCs) loaded with tumor extracts can lead to some response rates with concomitant survival improvements. We report the results of a phase I-II pilot study combining DCs and IL-2 where six patients were(More)
Endogenous danger signals released during cell damage contribute to alert the immune system. Typically, their release results in the activation and maturation of innate immune cells, and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In addition, extracellular NAD(+) stimulates immune responses by hindering regulatory T cells (Tregs), and could, therefore,(More)
OBJECTIVE Anti-synthetase syndrome (anti-SS) is frequently associated with myositis and interstitial lung disease (ILD). We evaluated prospectively, in a multicenter, open-label, phase II study, the efficacy of rituximab on muscle and lung outcomes. METHODS Patients were enrolled if they were refractory to conventional treatments (prednisone and at least(More)