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Dopamine (DA) axon terminals (varicosities) in the neostriatum of adult rats were examined for shape, size, content, synaptic incidence, type of junction, synaptic targets, and microenvironment after electron microscopic identification either by [3H]DA uptake autoradiography or by immunocytochemistry with monoclonal antibodies against(More)
We have quantified the density of serotonin axonal varicosities, their synaptic incidence and their distribution among potential targets in the pars reticulata and pars compacta of the rat substantia nigra. Serotonin axonal varicosities, counted at the light microscopic level following in vitro [3H]serotonin uptake and autoradiography, amounted to 9 x(More)
We explored the contribution of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) in ACTH and corticosterone (CORT) diurnal responsiveness of the rat to restraint stress applied either in the morning (AM) or in the evening (PM). Ablation of the SCN caused the diurnal rhythmicity of the CORT response to disappear but had no effects on AM vs. PM differences in the ACTH(More)
The morphological substrate of putative serotonin (5-HT)/neuropeptide Y (NPY) interactions in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) was investigated by combined radioautography and immunocytochemistry after intraventricular administration of (3H)5-HT in the rat. In the ventral portion of the SCN, the distribution of (3H)5-HT uptake sites overlapped closely the(More)
Cellular relationships between neurons producing vasopressin or vasoactive intestinal peptide in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus, the main component of the central circadian timing system in mammals, were investigated in the rat using double immunocytochemistry. Analysis of serial confocal images revealed that the vasopressin-synthesizing(More)
Possible co-existence of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), catecholamines, and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the same nerve terminals of the frog intermediate lobe was investigated by immunocytochemistry at the electron microscopic level. Co-localization of GABA and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was studied by using a double immunogold labeling procedure.(More)
This study examines the ultrastructural relationships established by the nigrostriatal dopaminergic and the corticostriatal afferent fibers with neuropeptide Y (NPY)-containing neurons in the rat striatum. By means of dual immunolabeling procedures using peroxidase conjugated F(ab) fragments and 125I-labeled protein A, direct appositions and morphologically(More)
Following unilateral kainic acid lesioning of neuronal cell bodies in the cat red nucleus (RN), a large decrease in glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) activity was detected in the injected RN, compared to the RN from control, non-injected animals. Using GAD immunohistochemistry, reactive perikarya were visualized dorsolaterally to the rostral part of the(More)
Selective unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurones in rats resulted, 12 to 90 days later, in a marked increase in the number of neuropeptide Y (NPY)-immunoreactive perikarya in the ipsilateral deafferented striatum compared to the contralateral intact side in the same animal and to both sides in control animals. The(More)