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Analysis of the spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters of locomotion recorded in 21 parkinsonian patients compared to 58 normal elderly subjects showed significant differences in all the recorded parameters. However the relationship between these parameters was preserved, as was the basic locomotor pattern. The variability of stride length, more marked in(More)
Quantitative analysis of gait was performed in 20 parkinsonians before and 1 h after the acute administration of L-Dopa in order to discriminate between the Dopa-sensitive and the Dopa-resistant kinematic gait parameters. The stride length and the kinematic parameters (swing velocity, peak velocity) related to the energy were Dopa-sensitive. The improvement(More)
The effect of placing parallel lines on the walking surface on parkinsonian gait was evaluated. To identify the kind of visual cues (static or dynamic) required for the control of locomotion, we tested two visual conditions: normal lighting and stroboscopic illumination (three flashes/s), the latter acting to suppress dynamic visual cues completely. Sixteen(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the neural basis and dynamics of facial affect processing in schizophrenic patients as compared to healthy controls. METHOD Fourteen schizophrenic patients and fourteen matched controls performed a facial affect identification task during fMRI acquisition. The emotional task included an intuitive emotional condition (matching(More)
We measured spatiotemporal contrast sensitivity and gait variables in a 60-year-old man who had spontaneous episodes of freezing gait without any sign of rigidity or tremor. One major factor triggering freezing was the characteristics of visual space, as freezing episodes occurred during spontaneous walking and passing through apertures and never during(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the frequency and disability caused by nonmotor fluctuations (NMF) in PD. METHODS A structured questionnaire was administered to 50 patients with PD with motor fluctuations (MF), focused on 54 nonmotor symptoms classified in three subgroups: 26 dysautonomic, 21 cognitive and psychiatric, and seven pain/sensory NMF. The link between(More)
We studied the effects of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) in 12 patients with motor neuron syndromes associated with high titers of anti-GM1 antibodies. Five of the patients had conduction blocks. The study design was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial with IVIg (0.4 g/kg body weight per day injected for 5 consecutive days). We evaluated(More)
Variable findings have been reported for emotional processing in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). These contradictions could be due to differences in the progression of dopamine (DA) depletion. Levodopa treatment could have either beneficial or detrimental effects on brain functions modulated by DA according to disease progression. In healthy subjects,(More)
BACKGROUND Dyskinesias are a frequent adverse effect of long-term levodopa therapy. The relative contribution of dopamine D(1) and D(2) receptor function to the pathophysiology of levodopa-induced dyskinesias remains a matter of controversy. OBJECTIVE To establish whether a selective D(1) dopamine agonist induces more or less dyskinesia than levodopa in(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence of default mode network (DMN) dysfunction in schizophrenia. It has also been suggested that brain structural changes are maximal in a medial frontal area which overlaps with the anterior midline node of this network. METHODS Brain deactivations were examined in 14 schizophrenic patients and 14 controls during(More)