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The precise molecular mechanisms underlying the switch between the two developmental stages of Toxoplasma gondii, and the metabolic adaptations occurring during this stage conversion are poorly understood. Because inhibitors of mitochondrial respiration are known to trigger differentiation from tachyzoite into bradyzoite stages, we believe that some of the(More)
The recent discovery of a vestigial, nonphotosynthetic plastid ("apicoplast") in the Apicomplexa has considerably modified our perception of the evolutionary origin of these parasites. Phylogenetic analysis and the presence of four surrounding membranes of the apicoplast provide important support for the hypothesis that apicomplexans have acquired their(More)
Hammerhead ribozymes are small self-cleaving RNAs that promote strand scission by internal phosphoester transfer. Comparative sequence analysis was used to identify numerous additional representatives of this ribozyme class than were previously known, including the first representatives in fungi and archaea. Moreover, we have uncovered the first natural(More)
Hybrid molecules between MalE, the periplasmic maltose binding protein of Escherichia coli, and CD4, the human T-lymphocyte receptor for the AIDS virus HIV, have been constructed and purified. We show that CD4 can be fused as multiple repeats to both ends of a single MalE molecule. Hybrid proteins are exported into the periplasm of bacteria, bind monoclonal(More)
BACKGROUND Gender-associated epigenetic alterations are poorly investigated in male and female familial breast cancer (fBC). MicroRNAs may contribute to the different biology in men and women particularly related to RASSF1A pathways. METHODS Microarray technology was used to evaluate miRNA profile in 24 male and 43 female fBC. Key results were validated(More)
Phosphorylation of I kappa Bs--the cytoplasmic inhibitors of the NF-kappa B transcription factors--is the key event which triggers activation of the NF-kappa B cascade. Signal-mediated phosphorylation of I kappa B alpha is mediated by a multiprotein complex, the I kappa B kinase (IKK) complex, which is composed of at least three identified subunits. Two of(More)
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