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Somatosensory evoked potentials and potentials evoked by direct cortical stimulation were recorded from layer IV of the somatosensory area of the cerebral cortex in urethane anaesthetised rats. Penicillin was expelled electrophoretically from the tip of a drug-filled micropipette at constant rates into layer IV. Small fluxes of penicillin (with(More)
The relative sensitivities of somatosensory and motor areas of the cerebral cortex in penicillin epileptogenesis were compared in urethane-anaesthetized rats. Penicillin was applied electrophoretically from a fluid-filled micro-electrode. Spontaneous focal interictal epileptiform discharges were detected by a nearby recording electrode. In motor cortex,(More)
In the anaesthetized rat, regions of the somatosensory cortex have been subpially isolated, leaving intact the cortical blood supply and the connectivity via the white matter. Application of penicillin or strychnine into layer IV of intact cortex resulted in enhancement of amplitude and prolongation of evoked potentials together with the appearance of(More)
Bicuculline has been applied electrophoretically from a fluid filled microelectrode at different depths within the primary somatosensory area of the cerebral cortex of rats anaesthetized with urethane. The delay between onset of drug application at a constant rate and onset of spontaneous focal interictal epileptiform discharges (FIEDs), detected by a(More)
When penicillin is applied electrophoretically from a fluid-filled microelectrode into the substance of the somatosensory cortex of the rat under urethane anaesthesia, the latent period for production of interictal epileptic spikes is least when the electrode lies 0.7 mm below the cortical surface. With low electrophoretic currents of --50 to 100 nA the(More)
Modern computer graphics are capable of generating highly photorealistic images. Although this can be considered a success for the computer graphics community, it has given rise to complex forensic and legal issues. A compelling example comes from the need to distinguish between computer-generated and photographic images as it pertains to the legality and(More)
Na penicillin G has been electrophoretically applied from a fluid-filled micropipette at different rates and depths within the somatosensory area of the cerebral cortex of rats anaesthetized with urethane. With low fluxes of penicillin, the chemical has to reach a critical concentration in the deep part of layer III and produces focal interictal(More)