Olivia Gutiérrez

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All (236) Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates resistant to imipenem and/or meropenem collected during a multicenter (127-hospital) study in Spain were analyzed. Carbapenem-resistant isolates were found to be more frequently resistant to all beta-lactams and non-beta-lactam antibiotics than carbapenem-susceptible isolates (P < 0.001), and up to 46% of the(More)
During a survey conducted to evaluate the incidence of class B carbapenemase (metallo-beta-lactamase [MBL])-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains from hospitals in Majorca, Spain, five clinical isolates showed a positive Etest MBL screening test result. In one of them, strain PA-SL2, the presence of a new bla(VIM) derivative (bla(VIM-13)) was detected by(More)
Thirty-four isolates of pan-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) were detected at a university hospital in Spain (July 2004-September 2006). Eleven (32%) patients had clinically significant infections, and three (27%) of these patients died. A single clone of MBL-producing P. aeruginosa was identified by pulsed-field(More)
The molecular mechanisms of beta-lactam resistance mediated by AmpC hyperproduction in natural strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were investigated in a collection of 10 isogenic, ceftazidime-susceptible and -resistant pairs of isolates, each sequentially recovered from a different intensive care unit patient treated with beta-lactams. All 10(More)
Rates of antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from intensive care unit (ICU) patients are expected to be dependent on the selection of resistance mutations during therapy, the availability of exogenous resistance determinants and their dissemination potential, and the efficiency of transmission of the resistant strains. The relative(More)
INTRODUCTION Infections due to adenoviruses are highly prevalent in pediatric patients. Because the clinical manifestations of the respiratory infections caused by adenoviruses are indistinguishable from those caused by other respiratory viruses, virological methods are required to establish their etiology. We present a retrospective study of the clinical(More)
Hypermutation is a common feature of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from chronically infected cystic fibrosis patients that is linked with antibiotic resistance development. In this work, using a large collection of sequential P. aeruginosa isolates from ICU patients, we found that despite the fact that mutational antibiotic resistance development is a(More)
From January 2000 to June 2002, 24 Staphylococcus aureus isolates were recovered from decubitus ulcers of patients in a geriatric institution, of which 17 (70.8%) were methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Antibiotic resistance and DNA macrorestriction (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis; PFGE) patterns of the MRSA isolates were compared with a collection(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to collect baseline data of the prevalence of skin tears in a Canadian long-term care (LTC) facility. SUBJECTS AND SETTING The research setting was a 114-bed long-term care facility located in Eastern Ontario, Canada. The sample population comprised 113 residents from the facility. DESIGN A cross-sectional,(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major cause of chronic respiratory infections (CRI) in patients with underlying diseases such as cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (1, 6, 7). The establishment of P. aeruginosa CRI is driven by the acquisition of an important number of adaptive mutations required for long-term(More)