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Twelve hundred and fifty-one pregnant women were contacted and their infants followed to age 5 years. Nine hundred and fifty-one (76%) children completed the trial. Measurements were made of birthweight, length, head circumference, and triceps skinfold at 10 days, and of weight, height, head circumference, and triceps at 5 years. Throughout the entire(More)
Clinical and haematological findings at the nadir of the refractory, early anaemia of prematurity were compared in a study of 95 preterm infants. 53% of 30 babies less than 32 weeks' gestational age at birth had abnormal clinical features resulting from anaemia at its nadir, with a combination of tachycardia, tachypnoea, dyspnoea and feeding difficulties,(More)
Salivary cortisol concentrations were collected every 2 hours over a 24-hour period in eight healthy 2-day-old term neonates. Two maxima in cortisol output were noted, neither being related to the time of day or time since birth. Salivary cortisol concentrations ranged from 2.5 to 57.4 nmol/L (0.09 to 2.08 micrograms/dL), and throughout the 24 hours showed(More)
The incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) among singleton infants of Cardiff residents was greater during 1970-4 than in the preceding five years. This was consistent with changes in the distribution of gestational age and birth weight. Case fatality rates among infants with RDS fell only slightly during the period examined. Detailed examination(More)
Greater access to alternative female-initiated barrier methods, such as the female condom, is needed among women exchanging street sex. This study describes knowledge of and experience with the female condom among 101 women exchanging sex for money and drugs on the streets of New York City, and examines the acceptability of female condom use as an(More)
A prospective study of 78 neonates provides evidence for an association between maternal oxytocin infusion and neonatal jaundice. On the second and fifth days infants of mothers whose labour had been induced by amniotomy followed immediately by intravenous oxytocin (group C) had mean total bilirubin levels significantly higher (P <0.05) than did infants(More)
A cohort of 1163 pregnant women in two small towns in South Wales, UK, was identified and followed until the children born to them were five years of age. Growth in these children is described and a number of determinants identified. Social-class differences were very small at birth but differences in height became clear by the age of two years and in head(More)
A group of children with behavioural difficulties were treated using behavioural techniques and were compared with a group of control children. The treated children had various behavioural difficulties including poor concentration, sleep problems adn non-cooperation with parents. They were treated in the home for periods up to 7 weeks, after a 2-week(More)