Olivia Goethals

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Integration of viral DNA into the host chromosome is an essential step in the life cycle of retroviruses and is facilitated by the viral integrase enzyme. The first generation of integrase inhibitors recently approved or currently in late-stage clinical trials shows great promise for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, but virus(More)
Emergence of resistance to raltegravir reduces its treatment efficacy in HIV-1-infected patients. To delineate the effect of resistance mutations on viral susceptibility to integrase inhibitors, in vitro resistance selections with raltegravir and with MK-2048, an integrase inhibitor with a second-generation-like resistance profile, were performed. Mutation(More)
Raltegravir is the first integrase strand-transfer inhibitor (INSTI) approved for use in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for the management of HIV infection. Resistance to antiretrovirals can compromise the efficacy of HAART regimens. Therefore it is important to understand the emergence of resistance to RAL and cross-resistance to other INSTIs(More)
Selective delivery of antiretrovirals to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected cells may reduce toxicities associated with long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), may improve therapeutic compliance and delay the emergence of resistance. We developed sterically stabilized pegylated liposomes coated with targeting ligands derived from(More)
The use of targeting moieties is a new and exciting field of scientific research for facilitating the specific delivery of therapeutic agents in HIV-infected patients. The interaction of a potential targeting moiety with its ligand is a crucial factor in the evaluation of a targeted approach for chemotherapeutic intervention. Therefore, we have further(More)
Dengue is the most important mosquito-transmitted viral disease and a major global health concern. Over the last decade, dengue virus (DENV) drug discovery and development has intensified, however, this has not resulted in approved DENV-specific antiviral treatments yet. DENV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) belong to the same Flaviviridae family and, in(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase is, in addition to reverse transcriptase and protease, an important enzymatic target for antiretroviral drug development. Integrase plays a critical role in the HIV-1 life cycle coordinating the integration of the reverse-transcribed viral DNA into the host genome. This integration step is the net result(More)
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