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The extent of analgesia provided by transversus abdominis plane blocks depends upon the site of injection and pattern of spread within the plane. There are currently a number of ultrasound-guided approaches in use, including an anterior oblique-subcostal approach, a mid-axillary approach and a more recently proposed posterior approach. We wished to… (More)
BACKGROUND The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block provides effective postoperative analgesia in adults undergoing major abdominal surgery. Its efficacy in children remains unclear, with no randomized clinical trials in this population. In this study, we evaluated its analgesic efficacy over the first 48 postoperative hours after appendectomy performed… (More)
We report the successful use of a stellate ganglion block as part of a multi-modal postoperative analgesic regimen. Four patients scheduled for orthopaedic surgery following upper limb trauma underwent blockade of the stellate ganglion pre-operatively under ultrasound guidance. Patients reported excellent postoperative analgesia, with postoperative VAS pain… (More)
Interest in techniques and applications of the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has expanded exponentially since its introduction over ten years ago. The choice of techniques and approaches has been assisted with the availability of ultrasound, but the optimal injection for certain surgical incisions are not yet clear. A literature search was… (More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Since the publication of original work on the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block, the translation of the research into clinical practice has resulted in some 146 articles being published in peer-reviewed journals. However, there continues to be controversies over the best approach to be used. The introduction of ultrasound should have… (More)
In this review, we discuss the central non-neuraxial regional anaesthesia blocks of the abdomen, including intercostal and intrapleural blocks, rectus sheath and ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric blocks, transversus abdominis plane blocks and paravertebral blocks.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a relatively new regional anaesthesia technique that has shown analgesic benefit in abdominal and pelvic surgery. There has been recent interest in expanding this regional technique to enhance analgesia following caesarean delivery. RECENT FINDINGS We will discuss the gross anatomy and… (More)