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Individuals with a deficiency in the enzyme dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) may experience severe life-threatening toxicity when treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). As routine measurement of enzyme activity is not practical in many clinical centres, we have investigated the use of DNA mutation analysis to identify cancer patients with low enzyme(More)
A mutation at codon 974 of the dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) gene was previously described in a cancer patient with undetectable DPD enzyme activity who experienced severe toxicity when treated with 5-fluorouracil. We have studied the frequency of this mutation in 29 Scottish subjects with low DPD enzyme activity and in 274 American subjects. We(More)
Zebrafish are ideal for experimental studies in the classroom because, in contrast to chicks or mammals, fish embryos are relatively easy and inexpensive to maintain, and embryonic development can be observed with common classroom equipment. The eight student-developed laboratory exercises described here have been used by students in Neuroscience Research(More)
BACKGROUND In Drosophila early post-meiotic spermatids, mitochondria undergo dramatic shaping into the Nebenkern, a spherical body with complex internal structure that contains two interwrapped giant mitochondrial derivatives. The purpose of this study was to elucidate genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying the shaping of this structure. RESULTS The(More)
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