Olivera Francetic

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Escherichia coli K-12, the most widely used laboratory bacterium, does not secrete proteins into the extracellular medium under standard growth conditions, despite possessing chromosomal genes encoding a putative type II secretion machinery (secreton). We show that in wild-type E.coli K-12, divergent transcription of the two operons in the main chromosomal(More)
Many gram-negative bacteria secrete specific proteins via the type II secretion systems (T2SS). These complex machineries share with the related archaeal flagella and type IV pilus (T4P) biogenesis systems the ability to assemble thin, flexible filaments composed of small, initially inner membrane-localized proteins called "pilins." In the T2SS from(More)
The main terminal branch (MTB) of the general secretory pathway is used by a wide variety of Gram- bacteria to transport exoproteins from the periplasm to the outside milieu. Recent work has led to the identification of the function of two of its 14 (or more) components: an enzyme with type-IV prepilin peptidase activity and a chaperone-like protein(More)
Escherichia coli K-12 possesses a large number of chromosomal genes that, in other Gram-negative bacteria, are involved either in exoprotein secretion or in the formation of type IV pili. Some of these E. coli genes have been shown to encode proteins when expressed from heterologous promoters. Furthermore, at least two of these proteins are functional in(More)
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 causes hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) by colonizing the gut mucosa and producing Shiga toxins (Stx). The only factor clearly demonstrated to play a role in EHEC adherence to intestinal epithelial cells is intimin, which binds host cell integrins and nucleolin, as well as a receptor(More)
Chaperone proteins bind to newly synthesized polypeptides and assist in various assembly reactions. The Escherichia coli chaperone protein SecB binds precursors of exported proteins and assists in export. In vitro, SecB can bind to many unfolded proteins. In this report, we demonstrate that SecB binding in vivo is highly selective; the major polypeptides(More)
Pullulanase (PulA) from the gram-negative bacterium Klebsiella oxytoca is a 116-kDa surface-anchored lipoprotein of the isoamylase family that allows growth on branched maltodextrin polymers. PulA is specifically secreted via a type II secretion system. PelBsp-PulA, a nonacylated variant of PulA made by replacing the lipoprotein signal peptide (sp) with the(More)
Systematic sequencing of the Escherichia coli K-12 chromosome (GenBank entry U18997) has revealed the presence of an apparently complete operon of genes (the gspC-0 operon) similar to genes coding for components of the main terminal branch of the general secretory pathway (e.g., the Klebsiella oxytoca pulC-0 pullulanase secretion operon) and to related(More)
Type II protein secretion systems (T2SS) are molecular machines that promote specific transport of folded periplasmic proteins in Gram-negative bacteria, across a dedicated channel in the outer membrane. Secreted substrates, released to the milieu or displayed on the cell surface, contribute to bacterial adaptation to a range of habitats, from deep-sea(More)
The pseudopilin PulG is an essential component of the pullulanase-specific type II secretion system from Klebsiella oxytoca. PulG is the major subunit of a short, thin-filament pseudopilus, which presumably elongates and retracts in the periplasm, acting as a dynamic piston to promote pullulanase secretion. It has a signal sequence-like N-terminal segment(More)