Oliver Werz

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A natural product collection and natural-product-derived combinatorial libraries were virtually screened for potential inhibitors of human 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) activity. We followed a sequential ligand-based approach in two steps. First, similarity searching with a topological pharmacophore descriptor (CATS 2D method) was performed to enable(More)
We showed previously that the small molecule indirubin-3'-monoxime (I3MO) prevents vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation by selectively inhibiting signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Looking for the underlying upstream molecular mechanism, we here reveal the important role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) for PDGF-induced(More)
AIMS The small molecule indirubin-3'-monoxime (I3MO) has been shown to inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and neointima formation in vivo. The influence of I3MO on VSMC migration and vascular inflammation, two additional key players during the onset of atherosclerosis and restenosis, should be investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
Resveratrol shows beneficial effects in inflammation-based diseases like cancer, cardiovascular and chronic inflammatory diseases. Therefore, the molecular mechanisms of the anti-inflammatory resveratrol effects deserve more attention. In human epithelial DLD-1 and monocytic Mono Mac 6 cells resveratrol decreased the expression of iNOS, IL-8 and TNF-α by(More)
Boswellic acids (BAs) possess anti-inflammatory properties in various biological models with similar features to those of glucocorticoids (GCs), such as suppression of the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Hence, the molecular mechanism of BAs responsible for their anti-inflammatory features might be attributable to interference with the human(More)
There is an increasing interest in the development of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors, which block the degradation of endogenous anti-inflammatory epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. Within this study, a set of pharmacophore models for sEH inhibitors was developed. The Specs database was virtually screened and a cell-free sEH activity assay was used for(More)
The acylphloroglucinol hyperforin (Hyp) from St. John's wort possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties which were ascribed among others to the inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase. Here, we investigated whether Hyp also interferes with prostanoid generation in biological systems, particularly with key enzymes participating in prostaglandin(More)
The roots of Krameria lappacea are used traditionally against oropharyngeal inflammation. So far, the astringent and antimicrobial properties of its proanthocyanidin constituents are considered to account for the anti-inflammatory effect. The aim of the present study was to characterize pharmacologically a lipophilic extract of K. lappacea roots and several(More)
Microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase-1 (mPGES-1) inhibitors are considered as potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of inflammatory pain and certain types of cancer. So far, several series of acidic as well as non-acidic inhibitors of mPGES-1 have been discovered. Acidic inhibitors, however, may have issues, such as loss of potency in human whole(More)
Microsomal prostaglandin E(2) synthase-1 (mPGES-1) catalyzes prostaglandin E(2) formation and is considered as a potential anti-inflammatory pharmacological target. To identify novel chemical scaffolds active on this enzyme, two pharmacophore models for acidic mPGES-1 inhibitors were developed and theoretically validated using information on mPGES-1(More)