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The two subtypes of retinoid Z receptor (RZR alpha and beta) and the three splicing variants of retinoid orphan receptor (ROR alpha 1, alpha 2, and alpha 3) form a subfamily within the superfamily of nuclear hormone receptors. Very recently we found that the pineal gland hormone melatonin is a natural ligand of RZR alpha and RZR beta. Ligand-induced(More)
  • O Werz, J Klemm, B Samuelsson, O Rådmark
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 2000
5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) catalyzes the initial steps in the formation of leukotrienes, a group of inflammatory mediators derived from arachidonic acid (AA). Here we describe that activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes and in Mono Mac 6 cells leads to activation of downstream kinases, which can subsequently(More)
  • Oliver Werz
  • Current drug targets. Inflammation and allergy
  • 2002
5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) plays an essential role in the biosynthesis of leukotrienes, proinflammatory mediators which are mainly released from myeloid cells. Whereas LTB(4) is a potent chemotactic and chemokinetic agent for a variety of leukocytes, the cysteinyl-leukotrienes C, D(4) and E(4) cause vascular permeability and smooth muscle contraction. In view of(More)
The acylphloroglucinol derivative hyperforin is the major lipophilic constituent in the herb Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort). The aim of the present study was to investigate if hyperforin as well as extracts of H. perforatum can suppresses the activities of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and cyclooxygenases (COX), key enzymes in the formation of(More)
5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) is the key enzyme in the biosynthesis of proinflammatory leukotrienes. Here, we demonstrate that extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) can phosphorylate 5-LO in vitro. Efficient phosphorylation required the presence of unsaturated fatty acids and was abolished when Ser-663 was mutated to alanine. In intact HeLa cells stimulated(More)
We demonstrated previously that 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), a key enzyme in leukotriene biosynthesis, can be phosphorylated by p38 MAPK-regulated MAPKAP kinases (MKs). Here we show that mutation of Ser-271 to Ala in 5-LO abolished MK2 catalyzed phosphorylation and clearly reduced phosphorylation by kinases prepared from stimulated polymorphonuclear leukocytes(More)
Garcinol (camboginol) from the fruit rind of Guttiferae species shows anti-carcinogenic and anti-inflammatory properties, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here we show that garcinol potently interferes with 5-lipoxygenase (EC and microsomal prostaglandin (PG)E2 synthase (mPGES)-1 (EC, enzymes that play pivotal roles(More)
Boswellic acids (BAs) are assumed as the anti-inflammatory principles of Boswellia species. Initially, it was found that BAs inhibit leukotriene biosynthesis and 5-lipoxygenase (EC number, whereas suppression of prostaglandin formation and inhibition of cyclooxygenases (COX, EC number has been excluded. Recently, we demonstrated that(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The selective inhibition of prostaglandin (PG)E(2) formation via interference with microsomal PGE(2) synthase (mPGES)-1 could have advantages in the treatment of PGE(2)-associated diseases, such as inflammation, fever and pain, compared with a general suppression of all PG biosynthesis, provided by inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1(More)
5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) catalyzes the first two steps in the biosynthesis of leukotrienes, a group of pro-inflammatory lipid mediators derived from arachidonic acid. Leukotriene antagonists are used in the treatment of asthma, and the potential role of leukotrienes in atherosclerosis, another chronic inflammatory disease, has recently received considerable(More)