Oliver Weingärtner

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High dose daily intake of plant sterols decreases the uptake of cholesterol in the intestine by competitive mechanisms and thus leads to reduced serum levels of total and LDL-cholesterol. By this, the commercialization of plant sterol enriched 'functional food' products is rapidly increasing. Subjects using these kinds of diet present a duplication of their(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate vascular effects of diet supplementation with plant sterol esters (PSE). BACKGROUND Plant sterol esters are used as food supplements to reduce cholesterol levels. Their effects on endothelial function, stroke, or atherogenesis are not known. METHODS In mice, plasma sterol concentrations were(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of our study was to investigate vascular effects of oxysterols and oxyphytosterols on reactive oxygen species (ROS), endothelial progenitor cells, endothelial function and atherogenesis. METHODS Male apoE-/-mice were treated with cholesterol, sitosterol, 7-ß-OH-cholesterol, 7-ß-OH-sitosterol, or cyclodextrin by daily intraperitoneal(More)
It has been reported previously that systemic application of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) suppresses smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation after balloon angioplasty in experimental studies. However, the high concentration of heparin required for a beneficial effect may cause severe bleeding complications. The ideal situation to overcome the systemic(More)
Plant sterols such as sitosterol and campesterol are frequently administered as cholesterol-lowering supplements in food. Recently, it has been shown in mice that, in contrast to the structurally related cholesterol, circulating plant sterols can enter the brain. We questioned whether the accumulation of plant sterols in murine brain is reversible. After(More)
AIMS 'Functional foods' supplemented with plant sterol esters (PSE) and plant stanol esters (PSA) are therapeutic options for the management of hypercholesterolaemia. However, their effects on blood monocytes, endothelial function, atherogenesis, and sterol tissue concentrations are poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS Male apoE-/- mice (n= 30) were(More)
Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are atherogenic and represent a strong cardiovascular risk factor. Therefore, LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) remains the primary target in lipid lowering therapy. However, since many cardiovascular events occur despite an optimal LDL-C, it is necessary to focus on the remaining cardiovascular risk. Treatment of low high-density(More)
Plant sterols are supplemented in foods to reduce cardiovascular risk. Randomized controlled trials show 2 g of plant sterols a day reduce serum cholesterol by about 10%. This reduction in serum cholesterol levels is achieved at the expense of increased serum plant sterol levels. Findings in patients with phytosterolemia, in experimental studies and in(More)
Amyloid-β (Aβ), major constituent of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), is generated by proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by β- and γ-secretase. Several lipids, especially cholesterol, are associated with AD. Phytosterols are naturally occurring cholesterol plant equivalents, recently been shown to cross the(More)
Reverse cholesterol transport, although not well understood, is an important mechanism in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. Macrophages can eliminate some cholesterol from atherosclerotic lesions by an oxidative mechanism involving sterol 27-hydroxylase. Patients with inherited "cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis" lack sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27A1) and(More)